Writing 2121F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Gerund

20 views2 pages
13 Aug 2016
Department
WRITING 2121G: Writing for MIT
Week 4
Jan 26
PART ONE VERBS AND SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT
Phrasal Verbs: two part verbs
example: he “dropped off”
Regular Verbs: consistent
example: to fit, he fit, fitting, fitted
Irregular verbs: conjugation not consistent
example: I choose, I chose, chosen
In general: avoid phrasal verbs
example: lets take up (instead say consider or analyze)
example: you need to back up your car (instead use a single verb like reverse)
Verbs Acting like Verbs
State something about their subject
Usually express: action, occurrence, process, or state
Verbals
Past/present participles: verbs acting like adjectives
Example: failing students don’t like school vs. failed students work full time instead
Gerund: acting like a subject
Example: failing is upsetting
Infinitives: acting like a subject: to fail is human= to fail- subject of sentence
“is”=function as the verb
example: to eat is one of the greatest pleasures in life
Verbs Past and Present
Use past tense if: issue, action, person located in the past
Use the present tense if: point is relevant to the present
Subjects and Predicates
Sentences have two parts: the agent doing (subject) and the rest (predicate)
I + forgot my keys at home
Simple and Complete Subjects
Simple subject: single noun + predicate
Example: Ontarians are Toronto blue jays fans
Complete subject: consists of noun and all its modifiers
Example: all (intelligent? Misguided?) Ontarians are Toronto blue jay fans
Verbs
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class