2013.03.18.docx

35 views4 pages
Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
WLU
Department
Anthropology
Course
AN341
Professor
2013-03-16
Citizenship and National Identities
- Family role in creating ‘citizens’ and ‘nationals’
- ‘education of consent’ *Gramsci
- creating ‘moral citizens’ via pedgagogy, discipline and learning civilities to
strengthen nation
- mother’ role- moral bearer and teacher of values, bearer and rearer of citizens.
- Father’s role- disciplinarian, productive citizen.
State and Citizenship
- Legal status
- Defines relationship between state/individual (liberal)
- Equal citizenship- equality in the private and public spheres.
- Negotiated with state for rights
- Participation in political, civil spaces
- Difference between legal and ‘real’ citizenship
Political participation
- Legal citizenship means participation in community (civic Republican model)
- The right to vote
- The right to stand for office.
Impediments to equal participation
- Women unfriendly political structure culture of politics is androcentric.
- Political culture of violence, safety.
- Double burden- time limitations.
- Gender ideologies.
- Minority Women: double jeopardy: similarity model (must have same
qualifications as other men and women); compensation model: must surpass the
stds. Set for majority men and women.
Economic Impediments
- Structural Adjustment Policies (SAP)
- Neoliberalism
- Unburdening of care services on families.
- Lack of economic resources.
Citizenship Models
1. Liberal: individual, gender neutral
a. Assumes states are independent of patriarchal vales.
b. Assumes genderless society.
Liberal-Feminist Approach: assumes the separation of individual and his/her
community
Participation of minorities, of minority women.
2. Communitarian
- Communally embedded citizen; individual as part of communities, rights of
communities
- How can rights of individuals be balanced against the rights of communities?
3. Civic Republican
- Participation in public life is key
- Legal status + membership in community
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Document Summary

Family role in creating citizens" and nationals". Education of consent" *gramsci creating moral citizens" via pedgagogy, discipline and learning civilities to strengthen nation. Mother" role- moral bearer and teacher of values, bearer and rearer of citizens. Equal citizenship- equality in the private and public spheres. Legal citizenship means participation in community (civic republican model) Women unfriendly political structure culture of politics is androcentric. Minority women: double jeopardy: similarity model (must have same qualifications as other men and women); compensation model: must surpass the stds. Citizenship models: liberal: individual, gender neutral, assumes states are independent of patriarchal vales, assumes genderless society. Liberal-feminist approach: assumes the separation of individual and his/her community. Participation of minorities, of minority women: communitarian. Communally embedded citizen; individual as part of communities, rights of communities. How can rights of individuals be balanced against the rights of communities: civic republican. Active citizenship vote, run for office, having a voice: barriers to participation (cultural, economic, political, gender- differentiated.

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