AN341 Lecture Notes - Remittance, Paternalism

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
WLU
Department
Anthropology
Course
AN341
Professor
Page:
of 2
2013-04-08
Global Care Chain: Demands
- Aging population
- Shortage of public care services
- Nuclearization of households
- Double income families
- Work pressure among professionals
- Emergence of ‘new rich’ in developing countries and middle class women in
the Labour Force.
Supply: Why women go?
- World wide need for caregivers
- To improve standard of living.
- Improve life chances of children
- Precariousness of male employment
o Fewer opportunities for men therefore women are forced to go
globally
- Economic independence, autonomy (women)
- Escape abusive relationships.
- Few work opportunities at home
- Increase consumption, respectability, prestige
- Escape poverty
Economics of Care Work
- Private to market (contract)
- Lucrative business
o More in developing countries, agencies will give money to the agents if
they can get workers for care work.
- Foreign exchange contribution.
- Remittance alleviates national debts, unemployment at hone, contributes to
family subsistence.
Impacts of care work: Marriage and Family
- Age at marriage increasing.
- Migrants are often married with children.
o Because it reduced stigma on them.
- Migrants stigmatized as ‘loose’
- Absent wife syndrome.
o As soon as women leave to go to work, their marriage is not as stable,
and often when they come back the husband has often found another
wife.
- Impacts on children
- Decline in fertility.
- Changes in provisioning roles.
- Higher standard of living and consumption.
Factories
- Cheap labour
- Reserve labour force.
- Disposable
- Low skilled.
- Innate capacities
- Personalities
o Docile Bodies
- Vertical Segregation.
o Women at the bottom.
Factory as ‘family’
- Good daughter/sister (kinship) vs autonomous individuals.
- Negotiating images (modesty, sexuality, lesbian)- Philippian maids
- Resolves contradictions between women’s space (domestic) modesty
concerns, and women’s entry into public/labour space.
- Good girl- bad girl (cultural anxieties)
Global Integration: impacts
- Integration often unequal- rich an poor, center and periphery
- Sex typing of work and underlying ideologies.
- Empowerment via work but disempowered by class and ideologies.
- Low skills based on gendered ideologies within household
- New restrictions and new opportunities.
Kinship Patriarchies
- Kinship Patriarchy
o Male structures of authority
o Resource and skill allocation (access and control)
o Containment
o Socialization for inequality
o Gender roles and underlying ideologies.
Capitalist Patriarchy
- “Modernized patriarchy”
o New gender divisions of labour
o Paternalism (family principle)
o Labour hierarchies
o Transfer of gender ideologies to the factories.
o New restrictions.

Document Summary

Emergence of new rich" in developing countries and middle class women in. Improve life chances of children: fewer opportunities for men therefore women are forced to go globally. Lucrative business: more in developing countries, agencies will give money to the agents if they can get workers for care work. Remittance alleviates national debts, unemployment at hone, contributes to family subsistence. Migrants are often married with children: because it reduced stigma on them. Absent wife syndrome: as soon as women leave to go to work, their marriage is not as stable, and often when they come back the husband has often found another wife. Vertical segregation: women at the bottom. Negotiating images (modesty, sexuality, lesbian)- philippian maids. Resolves contradictions between women"s space (domestic) modesty concerns, and women"s entry into public/labour space. Integration often unequal- rich an poor, center and periphery. Sex typing of work and underlying ideologies. Empowerment via work but disempowered by class and ideologies.