AN341 Lecture Notes - Body Piercing, Body Painting, Hazing

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
WLU
Department
Anthropology
Course
AN341
Professor
January 25th 2013
Anthro Lecture
Growing a Boy (Sambia)
- Maleness is achieved
- Corresponds from stages of bachelorhood to marriage
- Only men can create men (rebirth); male simulation of child birth; fellation
insemination
- Gender is not defined as ones external features/ anatomical maleness
- Men are not gendered at birth
- Women’s gender is ascribed- born with gender
o Cannot be a male when around the women community
Making Boy into Man
- Segregation
- Tattooing, scarification (Body Modification)
- Body painting
- Hazing
- Circumcision
- Training in warfare/herding
- Homosexuality (homosexual practices)
- Ear piercing, cutting the ear lobe
Explanations.
1. Transitions rite theories- marks life-cycle changes
a. Many have not anything to do with physiological changes
2. Structural- functional theories- linked to social structures (kinship)
3. Psychoanalytical theories oedipal complex, castration anxiety
a. Neo-Freudians- serving of mother is on bonding
i. Breastfeeding = stronger bod to mother
Dichotomous Gender Model
- Marked boundaries
- Enacted via rituals, symbols and behaviours (spatial, work, dress code)
- Dual or dichotomous roles
- Third Gender- liminal (in-between) either scared or devalued, served to
reinforce the dictums division
Is Gender Fixed:
- Xanith: homosexual prostitutes
- Soft, effeminate, neither name nor female
- Masculine qualities (but not male)
o Yet have the same privileges as men do
- Feminine qualities (but not female)
- Form third Gender (homosexual prostitute, passive role in intercourse) to
male
o Can eventually decide to become male by marrying a woman- she will
then take care of them.
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Document Summary

Corresponds from stages of bachelorhood to marriage. Only men can create men (rebirth); male simulation of child birth; fellation insemination. Gender is not defined as ones external features/ anatomical maleness. Women"s gender is ascribed- born with gender: cannot be a male when around the women community. Enacted via rituals, symbols and behaviours (spatial, work, dress code) Third gender- liminal (in-between) either scared or devalued, served to reinforce the dictums division. Masculine qualities (but not male: yet have the same privileges as men do.

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