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Lecture 7

AN101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Unilineality, Single Parent, List Of A Song Of Ice And Fire Characters

by

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
AN101
Professor
Victor Gulewitsch
Lecture
7

Page:
of 2
AN101
October 23rd, 2013
Monogamy
Marriage pattern in which a person may be married to only one person at the
same time
Polygamy
Marriage pattern in which a person may be married to more than one person
at the same time
Non-Conjugal Family
A woman and her children, the husband/father may occasionally be present
or completely absent. Single parent families also included
Conjugal Family
A family based on marriage; at a minimum, a spousal pair and their children
Nuclear family
Two generations: One or more parents and their unmarried children. Mobile
cultures (foragers, modern workers, migrants value this form)
Extended Family
Three generations living together: parents, unmarried children, and
grandchildren. Farm families value this form; more settled; persists over
time. E.g. Mennonites, Amish.
Joint Family (sibling based)
Brothers and their wives (or sisters and their husbands) along with their
children living together
Blended Family
Created when previously divorced or widowed people marry, bringing with
them children from their previous marriages. Often yours, mine & ours
composition
Families of Choice (often common law/informal, gay/lesbian)
Blood ties cannot guarantee the enduring diffuse of solidarity at the core of
North American kinship, and new kin ties can be created over time as friends
and lovers demonstrate their genuine commitment to one another by
creating families of choice
Created over time by new kin ties as friends and lovers demonstrate their
genuine commitment to one another
Kinship and Systems of Relatedness
Ways of organizing human interdependence
Why do the authors subtitle this section this way?
o Kinship carries out the recruiting of group members
o Provides residence rules
o Provides intergenerational links
o Helps to decide succession or inheritance
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Patterns of Descent in Kinship
Lineages
A descent of group composed of consanguineal members, or blood relatives,
who believe they can trace their descent from real known ancestors. Clans
are based on fictitious ties or real people to mythical ancestors, human or
totemic/symbolic (animal)
Bilateral Descent
The principle that a descent group is formed by people who believe they are
related to each other by connections made through their mothers and fathers
equally (reflects biological/social ties on both sides)
Unilineal Descent
Principle that a descent group is formed by people who believe they are
related to each other by links made through a father, (patrilineal descent) or
mother (matrilineal descent) only. One side is not emphasized despite
biological and social ties.
Patrilineal descent groups
Descent is through fathers line
Most common type of unilineal descent group
Usually daughters leave when they marry, new brides live with their
husbands group
Matrilineal Descent groups
Descent is through mothers line
6 Major prototypical patterns of kinship terminology, named after groups that
use them:
Eskimo (Euro/N. America), Iroquois, Hawaiian, Crow, Omaha and Sudanese
They may vary in using the following criteria:
o Generation, Gender/Sex, Affinity, Collaterality, Sex/Gender of linking
relative, bifurcation, relative age (table 6.4 in textbook)
Kinship and Alliance
Levi-Strauss Alliance theory of marriage, find your mate in another place.
Marital ties make for good neighbours, make love not war
Exchange of males and females, new kids related to both groups tie them
together
Cross Cousins and parallel cousins:
Egos cross cousins are the children of egos father’s sister and of egos
mother’s brother. Kids of your parents opposite sex siblings
Egos parallel cousins are the children of Egos fathers’ brother and of Egos
mother’s sister. Kids of your parents same sex siblings
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com