AN101 Lecture Notes - Sociocultural Anthropology, Linguistic Anthropology, Biological Anthropology

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26 Feb 2013
School
Department
Course
Anthropology
Greek etymology
- Anthropo: human being
- Logy: science
Science of human being
Comparative discipline
- Not western focus
- Studies what it is to be human in its diversity
Studies what it means to be human
- Diachronically: over time
- Synchronically: across space
4 subfields of anthropology
- Archeology
- Biological anthropology
- Linguistic anthropology
- Sociocultural anthropology
Archeology studies the human past through the analysis of material remains
Biological anthropology studies the biological evolution of the human specie
Subfields of biological anthropology
- Primatology: studies primates, the closest living relatives to human beings
- Paleoanthropology: studies fossilized bones of our early ancestors
Linguistic anthropology studies the relationship between language and culture
Sociocultural anthropology focuses on learned behaviours and ideas that human
beings acquire as members of society
Methodology of sociocultural anthropology
- Fieldwork: getting immersed for a long period of time in other people’s
everyday life
- Participant observation: getting involved in the everyday routine of other
people’s culture
Differences between anthropology and sociology
- Comparative approach: anthropology compares different cultural settings
(not western focused)
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