Language: a system of sounds of gestures that when put together following certain rules results in ways that all can understand. Although humans rely mainly on language, also a gesture call system. Gesture call system: consists of paralanguage and kinesics. Also convey message through use of space and touch. Languages spoken by all members in a culture. Social variables such as class, history and gender and status of speaker influence the way language is used. People communicate what"s meaning to them and what is or not meaning is defined by culture. Language retention in today"s world= main concern to aboriginal cultures. Speech, like gestures uses muscle movements so someone long ago must"ve discovered muscles in mouth. Displacement: ability to refer to objects and events removed in time and space (linguistics use this when referring to things like, long long ago, once upon a time, fado fado fado (long long ago) Language not just a system but a symbolic system.