C h a p t e r 1 | 1
Anthropology Sept 10
Values: consideration, respect, sense of adventure, desire to learn, willingness to travel, citizen of the
Strengths: we know culture, cultural sensitivity, cross cultural knowledge, social interaction, global and
Weaknesses: we are everyone, don’t love numbers, multicultural embracement, cannot ignore
surroundings, and seek world difference
Tool box: research skills, writing skills, presentation skills, analytical skills, cultural experience,
experience formal and informal action [difference between what we say and do]
Careers: government and civil services, international aid and development, management consolatory,
non-government organizations, public relations, marketing and advertising, community organizations,
human resources, business and market research.
You get to know your profs by name, it’s a tight community, established disciple, international
Anthropology Sept 12
- Explanations of the human condition what is a human being?
- Defining anthro
- Relevance of anthropology in contemporary times
- The benchmarks of anthro – the cross disciplinary discipline
- Five fields of anthro
- Concept of “culture” in anthro
Figure 1.2 Human Condition/Nature
- Who are we?
- Why is the human essence?
- Reductionist = reducing the human complexity
- Holistic = considers everything to be important [mind, body and soul]
o Everything we do influences our behaviours
o Makes us who we are [Co-Evolution]
What is Anthropology? C h a p t e r 1 | 2
- Anthropology is the study of the humankind in all times (temporal) and places (spatial: study of
the past). It used to be the study of other societies and cultures.
- Portrayal of the endless cultural variation that humans are capable of manifesting
- “Aims to describe in the broadest way possible what it means to be human” (5)
o Everything that impacts human ways = holism
- “Science of culture seen from the outside”(Levi Strauss)
o Non-biased = objective
o I.e. an outsider’s perspective of a culture is objective meanwhile the perspective of an
insider is biased, unless the insider draws itself out of any biases and be willing to
analyze the culture in an objective perspective.
- Study of differences and similarities in human cultural experiences
o Sometimes it gets dangerous to focus too much on the differences because then you
start seeing way too many and start believing that in some sort some people are better
than others. That is not the case cause we are all humans and are the same = equality =
NO NARCISM aka ETHNOCENTRISM
Ethnocentrism: seeing culture as superior
The superiority and correctness of one’s own way of life
Naive Realism: you will not see any differences back to Ethnocentrism
Everyone perceives the same world
Relevance of Anthropology:
- Appreciation of culture
- Learning of new cultures
- Understanding the reason why people are they way they are
- Analyzing behaviours in different cultures
- In order to help the conflict you need to examine the conflict
Global village: local manifestation of global changes
- IMPORTANT to still preserve culture
Culture Matters: what makes people do what they do? C h a p t e r 1 | 3
Trans-nationalism: immigrants; people are now able to move to another country.
Multiculturalism: problems of controversy arise due to people bringing their traditions and beliefs to
another culture, a new country.
- Canada accepts multiculturalism but it has its disadvantages such as people bringing sex trade
and drugs into the country.
Hybrid practices: intertwines traditions
Why Anthropology Matters
- It appreciates cultural diversity: tolerance
- It promotes cross cultural understanding while reducing cultural misunderstandings
- Cross cultural communication
- It recognizes the logic underlying all culture: how culture works
- It solves practical problems (applied focus): racism – conflict resolution
o Solves problems in own terms, gradually or immediately, depending on the issue.
- Human rights: what violates human rights? Why it happens? How to solve it? What causes it?
Shifts in focus and issues
- New sites of research
- Fragmentation and diversity of cultures
- Cultures are no longer isolated
- Study of power
- Reflexivity: anthropologists relation to those being studied
- Ethics of studying ‘others’
Use of anthropology in non-academic careers
- Covers a broad range of human behaviour and issues
- Useful in subcultures, job environments, businesses, medical anthropology, development of
businesses, health care, first nations, etc.
- Applying the anthropological perspective.
Anthropology Sept 14
o Cultures to be studied in the broadest possible way, interconnects between parts (how
they relate and connect) C h a p t e r 1 | 4
o Holocaust: what were the factors that led to the mass killing?
Religious, Political, Economical, Cultural
o Assumes that mind and body, person and society, humans and their environment