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Anne- Marie Colpron

Kinship Studies in Anthropology  takes into account: descent and marriage relationships  Descent: parent and child relationship o The principle based on culturally recognized parent-child connections that define the social categories to which people belong o For us: something natural and biological o Culturally recognized because it is not considered natural everywhere  social o In western culture  We tend to recognize descent by consanguinity (ie. blood relationships: mother)  Also recognize descent as a relationship based on nurturance through adoption  A father or a mother can disappear most of the life of the child and claim the right of parenthood based on biology o In other cultures (ie. Amazonia & Melanesia)  Descent is not recognized in biological terms  A person is considered the father or the mother of a child when they act as such  Similar to the Guayaki  the “father” was not actually the biological  The parents are the ones who take care of the child in an everyday basis, nurturing and raising them o Not all cultures give the same importance to biology as we do  more weight on social aspect o Allows us to study ancestry (ie. The transmission of membership to a group of kin through parent-child links) o Bilateral Descent (Cognatic Descent) = the principle that a descent group is formed by people who believe they are related to each other by connections made through their mothers and fathers equally o Unilineal Descent = the principle that a descent group is formed by people who believe they are to each other by links made through a father/ mother only  Patrilineal descent  recognize only the father’s side of the family  Matrilineal descent  only mother’s side o Allows us to form diff kind of social groups and even political organizations such as  Lineages  know who your ancestors are  A descent group composed of consanguineal members, or blood relatives who believe they can trace their descent from known ancestors o Patrilineage: a social group formed by people connected by father-child links  they recognize the patrilineal descent  the descent is traced patrilineally from a common ancestor  it is prohibited to marry in the patrilineage  incest  ex. The Nuer (Sudan, Africa)  studied in 1930 Evans- Pritcher  before: it was thought they didn’t have a political organization because they didn’t hav
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