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AN101 Lecture 5

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Anne- Marie Colpron

Lecture 5. 1/21/2013 10:23:00 AM Revision: Key Concepts  Enculturation: o The process by which you learn your own culture.  Ethnocentrism o Believing that your culture is more superior than all others.  Cultural relativism o The opposite of ethnocentrism o We try to understand a different culture o When you don’t understand something you dig a little bit further to understand a culture and their own standards.  Fieldwork o A way of doing research in anthropology o You go somewhere else and learn a particular culture o More observing than participating  Participant observation o You partake in everyday life and activities of the culture you are trying to understand.  Positivism th o An approach used at the beginning of the 20 century. o When you try to treat social science as natural science. o You try not to interfere in their lives. o Often research is taken place in labs. o It was criticized because you are studying subjects, not objects.  Reflexivity o Being aware that you can influence the research. Contextualize the ethnography Chronicle of the Guayaki Indians:  Written in 1972 by a French anthropologist  Ethnography: based on direct observation  First Chapter: Birth process o The ethnographer compared the birth process of the Guayaki to the one of his own culture o Holist approach: birth process is linked to economical, political and religious phenomenon. Todorov text: Columbus and the Indians
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