Lecture 5. 1/21/2013 10:23:00 AM
Revision: Key Concepts
o The process by which you learn your own culture.
o Believing that your culture is more superior than all others.
o The opposite of ethnocentrism
o We try to understand a different culture
o When you don’t understand something you dig a little bit
further to understand a culture and their own standards.
o A way of doing research in anthropology
o You go somewhere else and learn a particular culture
o More observing than participating
o You partake in everyday life and activities of the culture you
are trying to understand.
o An approach used at the beginning of the 20 century.
o When you try to treat social science as natural science.
o You try not to interfere in their lives.
o Often research is taken place in labs.
o It was criticized because you are studying subjects, not
o Being aware that you can influence the research.
Contextualize the ethnography Chronicle of the Guayaki Indians:
Written in 1972 by a French anthropologist
Ethnography: based on direct observation
First Chapter: Birth process
o The ethnographer compared the birth process of the Guayaki
to the one of his own culture
o Holist approach: birth process is linked to economical, political
and religious phenomenon. Todorov text: Columbus and the Indians