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Lecture 6

AN101 Lecture 6

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Anne- Marie Colpron

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Anthro Lecture January 23 Columbus: • if the group could be easily colonized, they were “good,” if not, they were “bad.” • Columbus thought they Natives were stupid for giving things away, but that is their system: that is their way of creating an alliance • Columbus’ attitude remained the attitude of a colonizer for many years (modern colonialism started with the discovery of America) Colonization: th th • Modern Colonialism: from the 15 to the 20 century, many European countries have appropriated territories in order to exploit the local people and the natural resources for their own advantage • Colonialism: The political control over another country, which implies an occupation of settlers and an economic exploitation • Europe literally went all over the world and found places to colonize • It’s about extraction of material wealth: this is done by force (send people to maintain dominance) • Political economy: a holistic term that emphasizes the centrality of material interest (economy) and the use of power (politics) to protect and enhance that interest (Europeans imposed political force in order to gain material benefits and maintain power) • European countries that colonized America: England, France, Spain, Portugal, Holland • Quebec still speaks French because at one point they were a French colony • Spain colonized a lot of South America (speak Spanish still today) • The legacy of colonialism still exists today • European countries that colonized Africa: England, France, Spain, Po • Portugal, Germany, Belgium, Italy • Colonized by England: Canada, Australia, Indonesia, India, parts of Africa, British New Guinea • Many countries have been exploited for centuries Canada (Colonized by France and England) • Territory was considered an empty wilderness • There was an interest in fur commerce • The Natives were not considered • Colonizers turned the land into a commodity • They elaborated assimilation policies towards the Natives (seeking to extinguish the Aboriginal titles to the land without violating the British policy) • Very paternalistic attitude Colonial Cities: • Conquered places in which colonial administrators, merchants and local elites defended their own interest, exploiting local population as labor force Impact of Colonialism: (Destructed the local order) • “let’s impose taxes” • Many people were hunter gath
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