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Lecture 8

AN101 Lecture 8

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Anne- Marie Colpron

Lecture 8 2/4/2013 10:28:00 AM Question:  Do hunter gatherer bands live in a precarious way, always looking for food in a continuous starvation state? FOCUS MORE ON CHAPTER 1 2 3 and 7 FOR TEST AND THE THEE FIRST CHAPTERS OF ETHNOGROPHY NAMES OF ANTHROPOLOGISTS ARE IMPORTANT “The original affluent society”:  (M. Sahlins)  in hunter gatherer bands, only 20 hours of work a week is necessary to gather enough food.  They are our original wealthy society.  Instead of poor… o They are societies of leisure: they have a lot of free time to spend with their kin.. o They are well nourished, having a balanced diet: they can be picky about what they chose to eat.  Sexual division of labour: o Women gather (70% of the diet) o Men hunt (30% of the diet). Questions:  Why from our western point of view do we consider them poor? How do we define wealth?  Material belongings. Wealth/Affluence:  They are two different was of creating wealth: o By producing more o By desiring less. Need is a vague concept…  We can satisfy the need of hunger: by eating rice and beans or steak and shrimps  In the western world: we valorize quantity and diversity  Among the !Kung San: having enough to satisfy hunger and sharing with kin. Question:  Are material possessions a universal measure of wealth and poverty?  No Material Possessions:  Are not a universal measure of wealth and poverty. Herd Man:  To be rich means to be well integrated in a community. To be poor is to be isolated. Economic anthropology:  Not all societies set the same economical priorities  Different societies use different principles to organize their economic life.  Economic processes cannot be considered apart from the cultural institutions in which they are embedded. Capitalist system:  Obtaining the most possible at smallest possible cost.  Relatively recent cultural invention  Not all societies follow this system.  Making the capitalist system the prototype of human rationality is ethnocentric and reduction
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