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Lecture 11

AN101 Lecture 11

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Anne- Marie Colpron

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Lecture 11 2/25/2013 10:27:00 AM Marriage:  “an institution that prototypically involved a man and a woman, transforms the status of the participants, carries implications about sexual access, gives offspring a position in society, and established connections between the kin of a husband and the kind of a wife” Marriage/Mating:  Marriage is not synonymous with mating: o It involves a change in the social position of the participants. o It gives offspring a position in society. o It established connections between two families. Marriage:  Is symbolically marked by a special ceremony, where the legitimacy of the union is acknowledged. Affinal/Consanguinal”  Affinal relationships (marriage) are contrasted to consanguinal relationships (“blood” relationships) of descent. Who can be married or not:  Not all cultures have the same rules on who can be married or not.  It depends on how the descent groups and blood relationships are established. Exogamy:  “marriage outside a defined social group” o for example: marriage outside the lineage or outside the clean. Endogamy:  the opposite  “marriage within a defined social group” o for example” marriage within a social group between two clan. Exogamy/Endogamy:  The use of these terms depend on the context. o For example: clans are exogamous (you cannot marry within the clan) but a social group that have many clan can be endogamous (you marry among the clans of the same society) The Nuer:  The patrilineages are exogamous” you have to marry outside your own lineage.  The opposite is seen as a form of incest” you marry with your consanguines.  The Nuer as a whole social group are endogamous: they do not marry with strangers.  There are affines with other patrilineages. Woman Marriage:  Among the Nuer, a sterile woman could marry another woman and become the “father” of the children her wife bore.  When the marriage was established, the female “father” would get a male kinship to impregnate her wife and help with some tasks that Nuer believe could only be done by men. Pater/Genitor:  The Pater is the person that will take the father social role, the one who acts like a father.  The Genitor is the w=one
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