Lecture 11 2/25/2013 10:27:00 AM
“an institution that prototypically involved a man and a woman, transforms the
status of the participants, carries implications about sexual access, gives
offspring a position in society, and established connections between the kin of a
husband and the kind of a wife”
Marriage is not synonymous with mating:
o It involves a change in the social position of the participants.
o It gives offspring a position in society.
o It established connections between two families.
Is symbolically marked by a special ceremony, where the legitimacy of the union
Affinal relationships (marriage) are contrasted to consanguinal relationships
(“blood” relationships) of descent.
Who can be married or not:
Not all cultures have the same rules on who can be married or not.
It depends on how the descent groups and blood relationships are established.
“marriage outside a defined social group”
o for example: marriage outside the lineage or outside the clean.
“marriage within a defined social group”
o for example” marriage within a social group between two clan.
The use of these terms depend on the context. o For example: clans are exogamous (you cannot marry within the clan) but
a social group that have many clan can be endogamous (you marry
among the clans of the same society)
The patrilineages are exogamous” you have to marry outside your own lineage.
The opposite is seen as a form of incest” you marry with your consanguines.
The Nuer as a whole social group are endogamous: they do not marry with
There are affines with other patrilineages.
Among the Nuer, a sterile woman could marry another woman and become the
“father” of the children her wife bore.
When the marriage was established, the female “father” would get a male
kinship to impregnate her wife and help with some tasks that Nuer believe could
only be done by men.
The Pater is the person that will take the father social role, the one who acts like
The Genitor is the w=one