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Chapter 11.docx

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Anne- Marie Colpron

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Chapter11MarriageMarriageMatingMarriage is not synonymous with mating sinceIt involves a change in the social position of the participantsIt gives offspring a position in society It establishes connections between two familiesIs symbolically marked by a special ceremony where the legitimacy of the union is acknowledgeAffinalConsanguineal Affinal relationships marriage are contrasted to consanguineal relationshipsblood relationships of descentNot all cultures have the same rules on who can be married or notIt depends on how the descent groups and blood relationships are establishedExogamyMarriage outside a defined social group Textbook p269For example Marriage outside the lineage or outside the clan The Cherokee are exogamous outside of their clans but the tribe as a whole is endogamousEndogamyMarriage within a defined social group Textbook p 269 For example Marriage within a social group between two clanExogamy EndogamyThe use of these terms depend on the contextFor example Clans are exogamous you cannot marry within the clan but a social group that have many clans can be endogamous you marry among the clans of the same societyThe NuerThe patrilineages are exogamous You have to marry outside your own lineageThe opposite is seen as a form of incest You marry with your consanguinesThe Nuer as a whole social group are endogamous They do not marry with strangersThere are affines with other patrilineagesWoman MarriageAmong the Nuer a sterile woman could marry another woman and become the father of the children her wife boreWhen the marriage was established the female father would get a male kinsmen to impregnate her wife and help with some tasks that Nuer believe could only be done by menTextbook p 265 The child is then part of the patrilineagesbecause the female is considered to be a man In this society the man can have more then one wife the cattle are bride wealth If the female father has enough cattle she can also have more then one wife She then has the same social standing as that of a man in the society When the daughters get married she will receive bride wealth cattle for her daughter Meaning that she is then able to buy more wives and gain more wealth in the way that the males in the society can Pater GenitorThe Pater is the person that will take the father social role the one that acts like a fatherThe genitor is the one that impregnates the womanGhost MarriageAmong the Nuer a man who died without male descendant left an unhappy spirit who might trouble his living kinHis spirit is angry since his name cannot be continued in his lineage through his sons To appease the angry spirit a kinsman of the dead man brother or brother son would marry a woman to the name of the deceased She was then married to the ghost Ghost marriage Pater Genitor
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