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Lecture 5

AN 101 Lecture 5: Culture - Continued

by OneClass506934 , Fall 2015
2 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
AN101
Professor
Amali Philips
Lecture
5

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Culture
09.30.15
1) how do sociologists approach subcultures and countercultures?
2) What does Brym argue about hip-hop
3) What might challenges to consumer culture look like?
How do Sociologists Approach Subcultures and Countercultures?
Subculture
Group of people who share distinctive set of values, norms, and practices
within larger society
oEx. Lawyers, ethnic groups
Associate more frequently, intimately with one another
oSpend substantial time together
Specialized language: express shared perspectives and understandings
Reinforces in-group/out-group distinctions
oEg. Medical jargon
Shared norms and sanctions also reinforce distinctions
Counterculture
Subversive subculture
An extreme version of subculture
Members strongly and actively oppose mainstream culture
Operate counter to main culture
How Does Brym argue about Hip-Hop?
Countercultures not necessarily a threat to main culture
Countercultures can be transformed into subcultures
oConsumerism as context
Social origins (1970s)
oShocking inner city conditions - -shocking countercultural musical
form
oPoverty, malnutrition, drug addiction
Countercultural to middle-class America:
oDescribed , glorified “mean streets”
oPolice, mass media, government labeled racist, lying oppressors
oOffensive language
oAlso served as source of identity, self-empowerment
Increased commercialization transformed hip-hop
oSeduction of big money
oRebellion – commodity, product for mass consumption
Culture and social structure: which comes first?
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Description
Culture 09.30.15 1) how do sociologists approach subcultures and countercultures? 2) What does Brym argue about hiphop 3) What might challenges to consumer culture look like? How do Sociologists Approach Subcultures and Countercultures? Subculture Group of people who share distinctive set of values, norms, and practices within larger society o Ex. Lawyers, ethnic groups Associate more frequently, intimately with one another o Spend substantial time together Specialized language: express shared perspectives and understandings Reinforces ingroupoutgroup distinctions o Eg. Medical jargon Shared norms and sanctions also reinforce distinctions Counterculture Subversive subculture An extreme version of subculture Members strongly and ac
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