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Canada (509,656)
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AN341 (14)


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Amali Philips

2013-04-01 Opting Out - Push factors o 100hr couple: couples that marry their equal – this means that doctors marry doctors, however they tend to not have children because they work all the time - Child care o Miss the important parts of the child’s life. - Second shift: o cant do everything, its hard to work and then come home and work some more. o Ethical issue for other women to hire someone who has left her kids behind to come and take care of your children - Glass Ceiling: o Even though not as prominent there are still those issues that women see it come to the corporate level. Pull Factors - Being with children - Lower stress - Nostalgia - Group Support- they have support from other mothers etc. - Living within means Value of Housework - Women’s unremunerated work = 34-39& of GDP - No hours of work performed annually = 25 billion - Women’s share = 2/3 - Cost of replacing the work of women = $26,310 - Unpaid work of men = 831 hrs per year; of women 1, 483 hours. Cooking for Love: Domestic Profession - cooking is a way to a man’s heart – at the heart of husband/wife relationship - at the heart of nurturing – mother/child bond - A “home-cooked meal”- separates domestic from public. - Time- a labour of live; organization, routinization, supervision, quality control, client satisfaction, consumer preference. - Self and others- please, sacrifice, collective interests - Organization - Autonomy, power, negotiation? - Homemaker as domestic worker VV homemaker as “administering consumption” Wages and Expenses - Pahl: Distinguishes 3 types of household financial arrangements o The Whole Wage: wage given to wife and allowance to husband. o Allowance System: Housekeeping allowance given to women o Pooling System: Wages are pooled. Control/disposal of Incomes - Males: lucury items, holidays, leisure items, exchange - Female: subsistence, essentials, use - Ideology- Maternal Altruism- that stresses women downplaying self- interest - Income and Well-being: women’s access to resources will improve the well being of families. New Household Concepts (Amartya Sen) - Entitlement Approach: the socially and culturally recognized rights of persons to resource o Bundles of rights that can be exchanged for other bundles (land>cash>goods) o Entitlements can come from family (inheritance) or state (welfare, right to work) o Lack of entitlements explains women’s/ men’s status and power. o Micro-credit- everyone gets a loan and the whole group is responsible for paying back the loan. - “Comparative Conflicts”- Family as the unit of conflicts and cooperation; bargaining with kin. 2013-04-03 Distributed Justice (Hanna Pappanek) - Distributive Justice: culture’s definition of “who has rights to what” and its sense of justice. o Who gets what, and it is also based on gender as well. o Society where things must be divided equally there is an equal distributive justice - Allocation of needs are based on: entitlements, based on justice (valuation of gender) Socialization for inequality (Papanek) - Socialization for inequality: Teaches children… o The value of particular individuals - Ideological apparatus/ justification: o “ Compulsory emotions”- the way an individual is supposed to feel e.g. maternal instinct, absence
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