Global Care Chain: Demands
- Aging population
- Shortage of public care services
- Nuclearization of households
- Double income families
- Work pressure among professionals
- Emergence of ‘new rich’ in developing countries and middle class women in
the Labour Force.
Supply: Why women go?
- World wide need for caregivers
- To improve standard of living.
- Improve life chances of children
- Precariousness of male employment
o Fewer opportunities for men therefore women are forced to go
- Economic independence, autonomy (women)
- Escape abusive relationships.
- Few work opportunities at home
- Increase consumption, respectability, prestige
- Escape poverty
Economics of Care Work
- Private to market (contract)
- Lucrative business
o More in developing countries, agencies will give money to the agents if
they can get workers for care work.
- Foreign exchange contribution.
- Remittance alleviates national debts, unemployment at hone, contributes to
Impacts of care work: Marriage and Family
- Age at marriage increasing.
- Migrants are often married with children.
o Because it reduced stigma on them.
- Migrants stigmatized as ‘loose’
- Absent wife syndrome.
o As soon as women leave to go to work, their marriage is not as stable,
and often when they come back the husband has often found another