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Lecture 2

AR104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Indo, Olive Oil, Greek Language


Department
Archaeology and Heritage Studies
Course Code
AR104
Professor
Nirmal Dass
Lecture
2

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Assignment: concentrate on need to ask questions and observations
Cyclades
- 3500, 3000 bc we found first evidence of figurines made of marble,
indigenous to these islands
- first evidence of civilization
- not an anatomically correct figurine, probably a goddess of some sort
- need written evidence to get into the minds and ideas of people, we can only
cast an appreciative eye on the objects
- the objects have a posture where the arms are in front of the body, only have
speculations
- they were all found in one place, it may have been important
- one of the objects is playing a harp, shows there must have been technology
and the creation of music
- this culture suggests to us that in those islands we have some kind of
civilized activity
Crete Early Minoan Civilization
- Minoan Crete
- Sir Arthur evans found buildings that showed a high level of civilizations
- Culture found here is Minoan culture
- This culture gave us evidence of buildings
- There is a smaller palace on Phaistos made without concrete made with
chiseled stone
- Knossos palace has pillars and sir Arthur evans thought he would rebuild
Knossos to show us its past glory, it is difficult to know where the Minoan
culture starts and where Evans does his part, he painted the pillars
The palace economy we see this here, everything produced is brought into
the palace and then distributed, very central part of crete and early
civilization, suggests that we are talking about a time where there is a social
hierarchy. Also suggests that trade is very important to the Minoans.
- lining the bottom of the palace are huge jars which may have been used to
held olive oil, wheat, barely
- the jars all over suggests to us that this is a warehouse where all the produce
is brought
- suggests they were loaded onto ships.
- Minoans had many ships, they may have transported these jars short
distances
- Blue jar found suggests that at this early time the science of painting pottery
has been created, had to find paint that would not burn off or intensify with
the heat
- Flotilla Fresco Art Thera Scene Akrotiri depicts a man holding rudders and it
looks like they are transporting huge jars, in the picture we can see trade
happening and we see the palace central to the picture perhaps central in
society
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