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AR104 Lecture Notes - Economic Mobility

Archaeology and Heritage Studies
Course Code
Nirmal Dass

of 3
Power of Ideals
- current war against the peloponnesians and the pericles’ status as general of the
city state of Athens
- Pericles was well versed and educated in politics, societal matters,
arts, drama, and culture
- Commerate those who died in the Athenian military
- Athens is a great and noble city which serves as a template or inspiration for
all others as the first true democracy
- Talks about the Athenian army and navy and how accepting of foreigners
they can be with still strongest military
- Athenians are feared across the land and enemies exaggerate their power
when they fall to Athens, and when Athens falls to increase their own
- Lives were not lost in vain, do not need to mourn them, we mourn all men
- Patriotic
- Democracy
- Submit to laws because they want to
- Adapt to any situation
- Should be a model to others, follow no one
- Power of Athens lied in the people
- All people have a place and purpose in the state
- Ideals : civic responsibility, democracy, engagement among borders, sharing
of ideas, melding of cultures
- Athenians was a society worth dying for
- Local pride and identity
- Fairness and equality
- Status determined by ability
- Moral ethos “unwritten laws which it is acknowledged shame to break”
- Athenian education vs. Spartan militarianism
- Thought before action Athens maintained a confident superiority above
and beyond all other greek states
- Athens is an education to Greece because it stands for the freedom of the
citizen, because of its constutition, but with greatness comes peril
- Importance of personal sacrifice
- Slain fighters fought for the continuation of Athenian culture
- Democracy brings equality, merit brings public success,
social and economic mobility is encouraged, the law
protects all:
- Compares to Sparta
- Religious aspect of their lives with sacrifices
- They are powerful because of their ideals
- In Athens, unlike
- Could defeat the Spartans
- Democracy allows men to advance because of merit instead of
wealth or inherited class.
- In a democracy, citizens behave lawfully while doing what they
like without fear of prying eyes.
- In a democracy, there is equal justice for all in private disputes.
- Patriotism and government
- Athenian ideology
- Works to be privileged, we are not angry with private life, not
suspicious of them
- We are prevented from doing wrong by respect for the
authorities and for the laws
- The goods of other countries as freely as our own
- We rely not upon management or trickery but upon our own
hearts and hands
- Courage gained by habit not enforced by law
- Thinking before we act
- We give favours,not receive
- Athenians can adapt himself to the most varied forms of action
with cersatility and grace
- These men fought for their city and in honouring the city he is
honoring them because men are the city
- Men’s virtues made the city glorieus
- Benefitted the state with their public actions , not harmed with
their private, none were focused on the pleasures of life or
- Noble tombs in sacrifice
- Honor is the delight of men when they are old and useless
- A free state
- Equal justice
- Regular games and sacrifices and beautiful homes that help to
banish sorrow
- Knowledge is gained in discussion preparatory to action
- We do good to our neighbors not among a cacluation of interest,
but in the confidence of freedom in a frank and fearless spirit
- Athens as an open democratic state whose citizens find meaning
and fulfillment through glory of the city and empire.
- Learning from experience (ancestors)
- Idealized self image of the Athenians, constitution and character
- Praises constitution, military service, educational system,
attitudes about beauty and weath and general character
- The Athenians could not help but gain an empire because of their
virtue and worthiness to rule
- Downplays the gods and ancestors
- Sense of community
- Relationship of public and private, praises ancestors and city as
a whole
- Not from military power like their opponenets
Ideals virtue, human potential, mutual exchange, hard work