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Lecture 1

AR215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Classical Archaeology, Roman Art

Archaeology and Heritage Studies
Course Code
Scott Gallimore

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AR 215 Lecture 1
Jan 4/14
Intro to Roman Art and Archaeology
What is Roman archaeology?
The study of the city of Rome and its territory from the early 1st millennium BC. to the
mid-second millennium AD. (Approx. 15,000 years)
Why study Roman archaeology?
To trace connections form this city to modern western society.
Defining Roman Archaeology – Chronology
Ancient sources tell us that Rome was founded in 753BC. Archaeological evidence
suggests a date around 1000BC.
The end of Roman civilization is debatable
oFor this course we will use the death of Emperor Constantine in 338AD. As our
Defining Roman Archaeology – Geography
The history of Rome is a tale of expansion
The geographic focus of this course will expand as the Roman empire grows
Themes to consider
Rome was a very adaptable civilization
oIt was not afraid to adopt, manipulate, and exploit a variety of customs, religious
beliefs, & artistic traditions
Study of art and archaeology aims to better understand human behaviour in the past
oWe will focus on the elite and poor individuals alike (There was really not a
middle class at all)
How do portrayals of Roman art and archaeology in popular media affect our view point of this
The goal of this course is to provide a thorough account of the evolution of Roman art and the
contributions of archaeology to understand this civilization.
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