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Lecture

Relative dating, calendars & historical records.docx

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Department
Archaeology
Course
AR101
Professor
Bonnie Glencross
Semester
Fall

Description
Relative dating calendarshistorical records How old is it TimeBCbefore Christ AD1ADAnno Dominithe year of our lordBCEbefore the common Era AD622CEin the Common EraBPBefore Present before 1950years ago Relative methodsTell only if one specimen is older or younger than anotherDates are expressed relative to oneanother rather than in absolute terms eg earlierlaterIndex fossil strata containing similar fossil assemblages are of similar age o Concept was introduced to archaeology by Swede Montelius o Divided the European Neolithic BronzeIron ages into chronological subdivisions each with its own distinctive artifactsartifact styleTime markers artifacts shown to be diagnostic of a particular time period o Eg colonia era pipes general
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