Class Notes (836,136)
Canada (509,645)
Archaeology (396)
AR101 (93)
Lecture

Bioarchaeology.docx

2 Pages
91 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Archaeology
Course
AR101
Professor
Bonnie Glencross
Semester
Fall

Description
Bioarchaeology What is it?  Anatomy gross and microscopic study of anatomical structures  Archaeology  study of past human societies through artifacts, biofacts, architecture, landscapes  Anthropology  study of humankind  Science  a system for acquiring knowledge through experimentation and hypothesis testing How do bioarcaheologists know what they know?  Bone is a very dynamic/ plastic tissue  Bone morphology is influenced by genetics and the environment  Life history events are recorded in the skeleton Subfields of osteology  Paleodemography: Study of ancient population structure, mortality and fertility  Population relations: study of biological relationships and migration based on morphological and molecular variations  Paleopathology: the study of ancient health and disease; origin and evolution of disease  Paelonutrition: the analysis of prehistoric diets and dietary intake in relation to health and disease Protocol  Biological profile: o Are the skeletal remains human or animal?  At a macroscopic level, bones & bone fragments with join surfaces should be identifiable. Fragments need to be directly compared o How many individuals are represented by the skeletal remains?  Min number of individuals (MNI) = an estimate  If remains are in good condition & relatively complete, MNI is probably accurate  add  Reconstruction  check for cross-mends & summarize  represents the maximum number of individuals  Overlap  look for overlap in elements, move towards a preliminary conclusion  Excluding  non-overlapping elemts on the basis of size, sex & age
More Less

Related notes for AR101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit