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Lecture

Bone Loss & Bone Fracture at Neolithic Catalhoyuk.docx

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Department
Archaeology
Course
AR101
Professor
Bonnie Glencross
Semester
Fall

Description
Bone Loss & Bone Fracture at Neolithic Çatalhöyük Çatalhöyük (Turkey)  Research Project, where archaeologists are excavating a 9000 year old Neolithic village  Adaptive strategies developed by Neolithic societies = response to the adoption of agriculture & the domestication of animals set into motion future development in Europe & many other areas of the globe Discovery and early excavations  James Mellaart discovered Çatalhöyük in 1958 & carries out excavations for 4 seasons beginning 1961  Conducted horizontal & vertical investigations, exposing over 200 houses but was never able to reach the bottom of the mound Early finds  Wall paintings (on houses)  often showed hunting activities Current excavations  Ian Hodder began a 25-year field program at Çatalhöyük in 1993  New focus on individual houses, their remains to understand the social structure and development of the site  New investigations of social structure, resources, land use, activity patterns & human health will provide new understanding of this key period in human evolution Some clinical facts about bone health  Early fetal & infant environment have been sown to influence bone mass  Adolescents suffering from anorexia nervosa are of high risk of decreased bone mineral density  Gymnastics training in young women ages 17-27 correlates with increased bone density  Inadequate intake of zinc & phosphorus are risk factors for osteoporotic fracture in elderly men  Family & twin studies have demonstrated a strong genetic component to the development of peak bone mass  Diet, physical activity, and lifestyle influence bone health and are implicated in the etiology of osteoporosis Osteoporosis  “… a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone density & micro-architectural deterioration of bone…….ADD”  75 mill people affected in Europe, Japan & the US  2.3 mill fragility fractures annually in Europe and US  Fractures are projected to double by 2025 Research objectives  What: to determine the extent to which diff. factors (diet, lifestyle, physical activity, etc) influence bone health & the onset of osteoporosis  How: examination for aspects of bone q
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