AR103 - Week 1 - Sep .14, 2011
AR103 Class #1
What is Anthropology?
- Anthropology comes from the root words Anthropos “humans” and Logos “study of.”
Anthropology is the study of humans.
- Anthropology, the study of human kind, seeks to produce generalizations of people and their
- Deﬁning anthropology through its goals and the practice.
- Morphology - morphos “manipulation of structure, shape, form” is the study of habitat,
environment, behaviour; mates, predators, food, shelter, of biological populations.
- Information needed to know about human population like in the way we know about animal
- Other resources
- Impact on humans (i.e. Climate)
- Human inﬂuence on environment
- Morphological change
- Family organization
- Mating behaviour
- Social structure
- Communication system
- Reading & writing
- Posture & gesture
- Facial Expressions
- Paralanguage (sounds “Uhhh” meaning I'm thinking)- implied thought
- Cosmology (relationship between cause and effect)
- Learned behaviours
- Rules governing behaviour
- Codiﬁed laws (written down)
- Non-codiﬁed laws (not written down) (Norms: morals, customs,
- Biological controlled behaviour / instincts (i.e. ﬂight/plight response)
- Physiology - study of the processes of form/ function
Major Subﬁelds of Anthropology
Physical / Biological Anthropology
▯ Principle: Humans studied as biological organisms.
▯ Practice: Studies interaction human biology, human behaviour, human ▯ environment.
1 AR103 - Week 1 - Sep .14, 2011
▯ ▯ Human Evolution
▯ ▯ Principle: Study development of modern human morphology
▯ ▯ Practice:
- Stages of evolution
- Mechanisms of biological change
- Reconstruct ancient enviro