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Lecture

AR103 Sep21.pdf

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Department
Archaeology
Course
AR103
Professor
Jonathan Haxell
Semester
Fall

Description
AR103 - Week 2 - Sep. 21, 2011 AR103 Lecture 2 Anthropological Approach - Brings all anthropologists together - Anthropology recognizes all human dynamics are changing all the time - In order to understand something you need to compare and contrast 1. Comparative - Understandings depend on devices and comparisons and contrast 2. Holistic: - Understandings take into ▯ account as many variables as possible 3. Account for Process - Complex human systems are never static but always dynamic - Understanding must account for this dynamic quality 4. Case Study Perspective - Begin by understanding simple, small-scale, local - Used as pieces of puzzle to help understand more complex elements 5. Relativity of Viewpoint - Understandings will always be blessed - Engage in devices to reduce bias’ Human Evolution - Human biology influences human evolution along with Human Behaviour and Environment, Locomotion - Human biology influences human behaviour (i.e. don’t eat enough you get hungry and affects you’re mood) - Human biology influences locomotion because we are bipedal - Human behaviour influences human behaviour (I.e. going to the gym to get fit) - Human behaviour influences the environment (i.e. using a car and littering destroying the environment) - Environment influences human behaviour (i.e. Waking up to rainy weather, having to change your wardrobe, bringing down your mood) - Human biology influences the environment directly (i.e. respiration process, exhaling carbon dioxide) (as human population increases, predators will increase such as disease, parasites, viruses) Primatology - the theoretical model that explains the relationship between all biological populations Linnaean Classification - It is an organic taxonomy - Naming system that assigns names to all biological populations - Identifies biological relationships between all organisms - Examples of latin names: Homo sapiens, Homo erectus, Homo habilis, Ursus americanus, Canis familiaris, Canis lupis, Felis silvestris catos, - Originated - Carl Linnaeus or Carlus Linnaeus, which then turned to Karl van Linne - Swedish, medical doctor, and botonist - Systema Natura (Natural system) the book he published on the classification system - How does the system work? ▯ Originally - Binomial: genus, species, a grouped like populations, sexual exclusivity 1 AR103 - Week 2 - Sep. 21, 2011 - Latin naming system - Based on observable, morphological, and physiological y a d o ▯ T - Bionomial: genus, species, a grouped like populations, sexual exclusivity - Latin naming system - Based on observable, morphological, and physiological - Phylogenetic system: based on evolutionary relationships Problems with using visible traits to relate organisms 1. Convergent Evolution - Unrelated evolutionary lines may produce similar str
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