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Lecture 6

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Nirmal Dass

How do greek ideas become universal? - up to this point the ideas have been confined to one city - no longer Athenian ideas, become universal Alexander the Great - turn our attention to Macedonia - northern part of Greece - when an Athenian refers to a Macedonian it is in a pejorative sense - macedon means the highlands - highlands are thought of people who are below Macedonia - speak greek - can only guess at what the language was, but can understand it as greek - ancient dialect of the doric language - on the fringes of the greek world - Macedonia has taken a different route than other greek cities - Still retains absolute kingship, kings as in homer, true kings with all the power - Political structure is very different - In a constant struggle for survival because of attacks from other northern tribes (not greeks but indo Europeans) - Thrace Thracians - A balance of power the Athenians and Spartans have only recently faced - Athenians and Spartans havenever faced constant threats - Constant struggle for survival Tactics to survive - king of this time (amyntas) has decided to confront this problem and come up with some kind of solution by looking at the structure of the army that he has and innovating - he borrows effective tactics from the Spartans and Athenians mainly the phalanx (a line of soldiers who connect shields as a wall and there is a mass behind) - comes up with a sarissa which is a lance that is extremely long and has an iron head - when the phalanx moves forward it has amazing range - he is replacedby Philip II - found an effective mean of military dominance and becomes the dominant power in northern Greece - he enlarged his area of influence - Philip has a very stable kingdom - Chaos in the south, Macedonia is stable - Philip starts to move southward - He sends out ambassaders to Athens and asks them to join with him ** he excludes Sparta uh oh! - Macedonia has always tried to imitate Athenian culture - When Philip approaches Athens, you would think that it is a natural step - Athenians don’t want to join with the Macedonians because they lost their power structure with Sparta and are in a quest to find it again - The highlanders are seen as saviours who maybe will bri
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