March 3 , 2013
Why does democracy happen in Athens and nowhere else?
Athens gave power to different assemblies and also built a strong economic base
o Built up a navy
Athens allows itself to become involved in the politics of the other 1500(or so) city states in
greek speaking area
Athens plays a crucial role in the state of Ionia
o Ionia has become under the influence of Persian empire (Persian empire because it has
been established by slow and relentless conquest)
Independent cities in Ionia tuen to ATHENS because they have a reputation of being powerful
and rich for HELP
o Persia has taken us over, can you help us out because you are the most powerful Greek
Athens decides to help Ionian cities…
o CREATES CONFLICT AGAINST PERSIAN EMPIRE (outnumbered in ranks)
o One city vs empire
Series of conflicts and things
by 480bc, there was the FIRST PERSIAN WAR
o Persians finally decide to deal with pesky Athens, and invade Greece (they can do this
because they are a huge empire)
o 300 SPARTANS! (story)
o Phalanx system (Greek) with spears sticking out, in an assembly
Very effective means of defeating enemy
HOPLITES (soldier with long lance and round shield[hoplos])
Battle at Thermopylae!
o Hoplites were to hold Persians on land until Athenians could assemble their navy and
come up to them from behind
o Not only a battle to defeat the Persians, it also will determine the outcome of the Greek
o Leonaidus- Spartan king
Went to Athens and making a faulty promise that the entire Spartan army
would help out…
The Spartan state always wanted to be the LEADERS OF GREECE. Decided NOT to send their army anyways, because they could let the Persians
take out Athens; their TRUE ENEMY
o Athens is left alone (creating bad feeling against Spartans and Athenians)
o Each king has a BODYGUARD OF 300 MEN!
o So the 300 men came from Leonaidus’s 300 men
o 300 Spartans and other Greeks hold off Persians until Persians defeated them with
o PERSIANS INVADE GREECE
At Salymus bay, their navy congregates and have to fight against Persians
Sets the stage because Athens is even a greater power than before!
Commanded respect of all other city states
Greeks gather and organize themselves; annual meeting for army organization
o Delian Leauge lead by Athens
o all city states must contribute wealth to create a standing army and navy
o all wealth is collected and stored by Athens!
INVENTION OF COINS AND CURRENCY
o Delient league started this
o Metals and good are so heavy etc.
o Lydia had the idea; each piece of metal shall be a representative token of the value of
the money we are sending in. Tokens represent contribution. Symbolic representation;
trade in tokens for things you need.
o LYDIANS INVENTED IDEA OF MONEY/COINAGE
o Makes their economic system work even better! (interest, trade, etc, because dealing
with numbers rather than goods)
o Athenians need to be able to manage this amount of money!
INVENTION OF BANKS
Institution of handling cash. Facilitate its movement
Athenians effectively create a system of money management; allow the
symbolic transfer of wealth over a long distance
GREATLY INCCREASES WEALTH OF ATHENS
SPARTA DOES NOT WANT TO BE PART OF ATHENIAN LIFE, CREATES ITS OWN VERSION OF