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Lecture 3

Week 3 Lecture 1&2.docx

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Department
Archaeology
Course
AR104
Professor
Nirmal Dass
Semester
Summer

Description
Dass CL101 Week 3 Lecture 1 September 25, 2012 - Chariot technology - Iron age o Spread of languages o Group of European languages  Hurrians and Indo-Aryans - Around year 1200 – 1190 o Destruction patterns, famous cities throughout middle east, Greece, Egypt, get attacked - Problem with chariot was that it was useful o Simple tool o 10ft long o New type of iron used for chariots o Meant to charge at enemy - Introduction of inventory - Cities as they are destroyed get named o Egypt was Hysos - City of Troy destroyed 1190BC - East to west o Suggests that we are talking about movement of people that are intent of destroying o One purpose in mind o These people have become seaborne - They would bury their possessions - Myceane was also destroyed o Attack happened quickly o City burning fast  Makes clay into ceramic, reason for evidence we have today o Vanishing of civilizations o Groups that attacked are referred to as the Dorians  Dorian comes from Dur meaning a long glance - Northern dialect of Greek o The entry point of the Dorians o People who are going to stay for a long time o Last time Greece was invaded for a long time - The settlement patterns of the people coming in o Do not know how many people came in - Dorian form of Greek o Helps us understand settlement patterns o Maybe how many people entered Greece - Spartan Greek - Attic, Athens Dass CL101 - Inhumation, burying the dead, burned - Homer states: shadow is your soul, when you die soul remains, referred to as the shade - The body was not important enough to be preserved o Useless, no longer needed - Once body is burned, stress is put on the soul - Major cultural shift in spiritual life of early people - New cult, religion, outlook - Difficult to change religious practice - Massive population influx, bringing with them a different mindset o What they do with the dead, replacement of old rituals - New emphases on what the devine is o Does it provide things for us o Or looks after the afterlife o Time before Homer, and myths o Mental shift, different idea being introduced - You can live a life without the Gods - Soul more important than body, ideas of afterlife o More stress on the idea of what happens to people when they die o Talking about God is talking about ideas - ‘God is an idea’ - Standard are living go down Week 3 Lecture 2 – September 27 2012 Homer - Last time Greece is invaded - Question of Homer and the Trojan War - Who is Homer? Did the Trojan War actually happen? - 1190 city of Troy was destroyed - Homer presenting us clues to help us understand what has happened with the Trojan War - Troy 7B (1190-91) o Huge stones, been cut and fitted together o Narrow paths to make it more difficult for enemies to enter, able to control who is coming in and out o Steep angled walls o Earth growing between stones for cushioning to avoid the rocks cracking o Houses were stone, roofs were wood, possibly a house of an important person o Roofs flat, possible living space in the hot weather o In the center of Troy lived the important people - Spear points/arrow heads o Iron Dass CL101 o Suggest fighting has taken place - Bronze cups o To offer things to the gods - Ceramic pot o Smashed, burn marks  Evidence of what took place, victim of attacks, suggests violence - Trojan Horse o Able to climb inside, made by Turk
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