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Greek World Lecture 1.docx

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Alexis Young

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Greek World Lecture 1 Chronology of the Greek World  Relative but absolutely dating o Based on pottery  Bronze Age c. 3000-1100 BCE (Before Common Era) o Divided into Early, Middle, Late o 2 Bronze Age civilizations (named after main metal)  Minoans c. 3000-1400 BCE  Mycenaeans c. 1600-1100 BCE The Bronze Age  Minoans c. 300-1400 BCE (E,M,L) o C. 1900-1700 BCE – first palace period o C. 1700-1450 BCE – second palace period (highpoint) o C. 1450 BCE – destruction of all palaces except Knossos  Helladic Period (E,M,L) – on mainland Greece  Mycenaeans c. 1600-1100 BCE o C. 1400-1200 BCE – palace, highpoint o C. 1200/1100 BCE – palaces destroyed except Athens Dark Ages  C. 1100-700 BCE  Beginning of the Iron Age  Chronology based on pottery types at Athens o Sub-Mycenaean c. 1100-1050 BCE o Protogeometric c. 1050-900 BCE o Geometric (E,M,L) c. 900-700 BCE The Historical Period  Archaic Period c. 700-480 BCE  Classical Period (E,M,L) c. 480-323 BCE o High point of Greek civilization o Herodotus (Persian War) and Thucydides (Peloponessian)  Hellenistic Period c. 323-31 BCE o Begins at the death of Alexander the Great o Alexander’s empire divided amongst his generals o Ptolemis (Egypt) the last Hellenistic kingdom o Ends with the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Anthony  Greece never joined as a nation  Mild/dry climate, rain only in fall, doubts Discovery of the Aegean BA  776 BCE – traditional date for the Olympic Games o Before 1870 this was where history started, before it everything was considered myth  Heinrich Schliemann o Founder of prehistoric Greek archaeology o Used Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey o Excavated Troy 1870-1880 o Excavated Mycenae 1874 – Mycenaeans  Sir Arthur Evans o Excavated Knossos, Crete 1900-1905 Minoans  Were non-Greeks st  1 Bronze Age civilization of the Aegean  Possible origins in Anatolia  Influenced by civilization of Mesopotamia and Egypt Myth of King Minos  Refused to sacrifice a bull to Poseidon  Queen Pasiphae mated with the bull in a wooden cow made by Daedalus  She gave birth to the Minotaur  Minotaur kept in a Labyrinth  7 boys and 7 girls sent from Athens  Theseus slays the Minotaur with the help of princess Ariadne Palace of Knossos (second palace period ca. 1700-1400 BCE)  First palace destroyed by earthquake around 1700 but was rebuilt larg
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