Class Notes (835,495)
Canada (509,212)
Archaeology (396)
AR104 (80)
Lecture 12

Greek World Lecture 12.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Alexis Young

Greek World Lecture 12 Comedy and Aristophanes  446-385 BCE  Komoid: a derived from komos: procession of revellers singing and dancing  Priapus, fertility god  Formed a separate competition at City Dionysia  Attic Comedy = choral sang alternating with dialogue  All male cast – chorus of 24, 3/4 actors Plots  Dealt with current political and social issues and personalities  Criticized government policies  Blamed political leaders Aristophanes  Europe’s first and greatest writer of comedies  Lysistrata (411 BCE) Lysistrata  Lysistrata: “disbander of armies”; resembles Lysimakha; “dissolving battles”; real-life priestess of Athens Polias for 64 years  Calonice: “fair victory”  Myrrhine: slang for female genitalia  Spartan Lampito 1. go on a sex strike 2. take over control of treasury and acropolis  chorus: 12 old men and 12 old women  Lysistrata: describes politics in term of wool-work  Demagogues: cater to the whims of the people  Main theme: peace Socrates (470-399 BCE)  Most famous philosopher of the 5 cent. BCE  Sources o Aristophanes’ Clouds “the thinker” o Plato (429-347 BCE)  Most important source  Never took money for teaching  Greek paradox: inner beauty vs. external appearance (really smart but really ugly)  First moral philosopher  Concerned with ethics  Socratic method: cross-examination; question and answer  399 BCE: charged with impiety (believing other gods) and corrupting the youth o Political hostility o Hostility against the Sophists o Hostility against Socrates – a “gadfly” (nasty bug)  Apology: from apologia a speech for the defence o Socrates’ central belief: Supreme Importance of Virtue  Nothing is more important than doing what is right and avoiding doing what is wrong  “the life which is unexamined is not worth living”  Punishment: hemlock  Deeply religious  Would not fall under the city-state but goes what god wants him to do  Never participated in politics o Too honest  People didn’t want him to die Legacy  Virtue is knowledge  No-one does wrong willingly Plato (429-347 BCE)  The Academy (founded the school)  Republic: model society 1. Guardians, act like Spartans (even women, match males expect for strength) (highest class completely educated) 2. Auxiliaries (defend the city) 3. Producers (grew the food/make objects)  Ideal place, no impact on politics Philip II and Alexander  404-371 BCE: Spartan Hegemony (leader)  371-362 BCE: Theban Hegemony o Thebes, Epaminondas, Sacred Band o 371 BCE: Battle of Leuctra; Spartan’s 400 defeated o 362 BCE: Battle of Mantinea; Epaminondas killed Philip II of Macedon  Ruled 359-336 BCE Philip Greatest Achievement (359): his military reforms  Macedonian phala
More Less

Related notes for AR104

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.