BI266 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Eudicots, Zingiberales, Evolutionary Ecology

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6 Mar 2017
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What is Taxonomy?
1.Discovering, Defining and Naming
2.Description
3.Classification
FACT: Taxonomy is part of the cognitive process. Everyone is a taxonomist!
We have taxonomy centers in the brain
Even animals practice taxonomic catagorization
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Ethnotaxonomy
Ethnotaxonomy is a subdiscipline with anthropology/ethnology which studies the taxonomic
systems defined and used by individual ethnic groups to refer to plants/animals
Plants Names
[Botanical Nomenclature]- Common (vernacular) names
Problem: They are too many and they have a regional value
Ex. Nymphaea alba L. has:
15 in English
44 in French
105 in German
81 in Dutch
221 in Russian
…thousads coo aes worldwide!
Scientific (Latin) Names
Polynomial system [before 1700]: the species name also included a short description in Laitn
Ex. Carnation: Dianthus floribus soitaris, squais calycinus subovatus brevissimus
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