BF190 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Cesare Borgia

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18 Jan 2017
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To cover this week: histo(cid:396)i(cid:272)al (cid:272)o(cid:374)te(cid:454)t misu(cid:374)de(cid:396)sta(cid:374)di(cid:374)g e(cid:272)og(cid:374)ized as fathe(cid:396) of politi(cid:272)al s(cid:272)ie(cid:374)(cid:272)e/ (cid:373)ode(cid:396)(cid:374)it(cid:455) (cid:449)h(cid:455), e(cid:454)pli(cid:272)it a(cid:374)d i(cid:373)pli(cid:272)it issues to (cid:271)e ma(cid:272)hia(cid:448)ellia(cid:374) . So(cid:373)e ke(cid:455) poi(cid:374)ts (cid:272)hapte(cid:396) (cid:271)(cid:455) (cid:272)hapte(cid:396): co(cid:374)te(cid:373)po(cid:396)a(cid:396)(cid:455) pa(cid:396)allels. 1512 machiavelli was stripped of his post as a relatively minor diplomat in the service of the republic of florence: put i(cid:374) jail fo(cid:396) (cid:1005) (cid:455)ea(cid:396) fo(cid:396) falsel(cid:455) (cid:271)ei(cid:374)g asso(cid:272)iated (cid:449)ith (cid:396)epu(cid:271)li(cid:272)a(cid:374) (cid:396)e(cid:271)ellio(cid:374) Contextualizing the prince: ma(cid:272)hia(cid:448)elli had good (cid:396)easo(cid:374) (cid:374)ot to like the medici family. Realest text / tactical: st(cid:455)le of (cid:271)ook (cid:449)as t(cid:455)pi(cid:272)al of his ti(cid:373)e, not (cid:396)eall(cid:455) a philosophi(cid:272)al te(cid:454)t, audie(cid:374)(cid:272)e: book (cid:449)as (cid:449)(cid:396)itte(cid:374) to a p(cid:396)i(cid:374)(cid:272)e (cid:374)ot to the (cid:272)o(cid:373)(cid:373)o(cid:374) people. Machiavelli offers the first break with classical and medieval traditions of political thought. Machiavelli is not a philosopher or theologian (just a regular guy) He believes politics must be studied rationally and objectively. He sees politics as a distinct sphere that must be free from religion, tradition or philosophical fountains.

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