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Wilfrid Laurier University
David Scallen

BU288 WEEK 2 Personality and Learning 1. Consider the relevance of dispositional, situation and interactionist approaches to your own behaviour. Describe examples of your behaviour in a school or work situation that demonstrates each perspective of organizational behaviour. 2. Suppose you are the manager of two employees, one who has an internal locus of control and another who has an external locus of control. Describe the leadership tactics that you would use with each employee. Contrast the management styles that you would employ for employees with high versus low self-esteem. Traits  Relatively stable internal states that help to explain how a job incumbent or applicant will behave at work.  Personality is a hypothetical concept or construct (like gravity).  It is a predisposition to behave systematically.  Personality is a relatively stable set of characteristics that influence the way an individual interacts with his or her environment and how (s) he feels, thinks and behaves.  WWII – selection & fit  Person-situation debate  Interactions – weak situations Theory of Personality History of personality assessment:  Astrology 星星  The configuration of the stars (horoscope) at the moment of birth dictates your personality.  No evidence of support.  If this is so, why does the notion of astrology continue to exist?  Biorhythms 星星星星 Day-to-day effectiveness is governed by the position of cycles   Physical, mental, emotional  No evidence.  Palmistry  No evidence to support the idea that the lines and folds in your hand dictate personality.  The Barnum Effect  Astrologists and palmists make use of the Barnum Effect. Use of descriptors that fit most individuals rather than a specific individual -  statements that describe 99% of the population.  Humoural Theory  Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.), Galen (A. D. 130 - 200)  sanguine (blood -cheerful - stable extravert)  melancholic (black bile - sad - unstable introverts)  choleric (yellow bile - angry - unstable extravert)  phlegmatic (phlegm - lethargy - stable introverts) Eysenck describes personality i
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