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Lecture 4

CL101 Lecture Notes - Animal Sacrifice, Greek Language, Knossos
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2 Pages
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Winter 2014

Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CL101
Professor
Nirmal Dass
Lecture
4

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Civilization
Civilization establishment of a city
First establishment of civilization is the Cycladic culture 4000BC 2000BC
Purpose of a city is not simply to benefit from the land rather the city is placed in a
strategic location so it can participate of trade
Mercantile activity/trade is a benchmark of civilization
o Cities usually exist when agriculture land is sparse
o Can only be explained by the idea of trade
o Cyclades very abundant in iron, silver, gold mine and trade them for food
and other items
Economics
o Middle of bronze age
o Chalcolithic Age
Copper tools
Copper and tin = bronze problem tin is not found everywhere only
found in two place; modern day Afghanistan and modern day Britain
No money yet
- Does not have any writing in the Cycladic culture, purely oral culture
becomes difficult to understand the culture (see previous not)
we don’t know why
Material Culture of Cycladic People
navigation
statues made from marble from cyros. Females presented with arms crossed.
Perhaps painted previously
frying pans unsure of their purpose. Different versions. Ceramic/clay highly
decorated
music
Why can’t we call this Greek? What does Greek refer to?
Anyone of these people creating these things are actually speaking the greek
language
Difficult to know what it is and where it came from
Minoan Culture
Do not call it a Greek culture
First evidence on Crete (island)
Palace Knossos large highly developed palace 2400BC 1500BC
o Luxury goods are next things important to a culture
o Makeup, fancy dresses
o Palace works like a warehouse
o Vases throughout / storage jars up to ’x4’
o Throne room female chair
Very urban culture
Emphasis on females statues
o Most doing things
o Matriarchal society women have dominance
o Very few men
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Description
Civilization Civilization – establishment of a city  First establishment of civilization is the Cycladic culture 4000BC – 2000BC  Purpose of a city is not simply to benefit from the land rather the city is placed in a strategic location so it can participate of trade  Mercantile activity/trade is a benchmark of civilization o Cities usually exist when agriculture land is sparse – o Can only be explained by the idea of trade o Cyclades very abundant in iron, silver, gold – mine and trade them for food and other items  Economics o Middle of bronze age o Chalcolithic Age  Copper tools  Copper and tin = bronze – problem tin is not found everywhere only found in two place; modern day Afghanistan and modern day Britain  No money yet - Does not have any writing in the Cycladic culture, purely oral culture  becomes difficult to understand the culture (see previous not)  we don’t know why Material Culture of Cycladic People  navigation  statues – made from marble from cyros. Females presented with arms crossed. Perhaps painted previously  “frying pans” unsure of their purpose. Different versions. Ceramic/clay highly dec
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