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Lecture 5

CL101 Lecture 5: Greek World Periods
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2 Pages
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Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CL101
Professor
Nirmal Dass

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Greek World Periods
Mycenaean with these people the Greek language arises, and this is now called Greece
Speak greek
write and read greek
linear B language
remain in predominance until year 1200-1100 BC
Hero comes from an old greek word, weros, man (hero literally means man)
Associated with two worlds
o earthy
o or divine world
human frailty along with divine perfection
constantly engaged in action
Wanax
o Leadership is inborn part of who he is and what his role is. Ability to install confidence in
people
Male dominated culture
Society its self is divided into two sections
Men dominate patriarchal society
o Equated with action
o World of men is in constant flux , not predictable
Women dominate the household and the family; men excluded in that world. Women also in
charge of the money, economics
o Equated with emotion/faith/economy provided stability to family and house
o Life is predictable no chaos
In the Greek world the women and men do not do each other’s role.
Hero is talking about the male realm
The Collapse of the Bronze Age 1200-1100BC
During the bronze age there were many cities developed (all use metal bronze)
Also known of the Catastrophe – up to 43 cities systematically destroyed (burned to the ground)
o Includes Egypt power and grandure
Robert Drews outlines a convincing argument of understanding what the catastrophe was
o Taken this concept and tried to understand it because these cities are large and powerful
and have wealth
o Suggest that we are looking at a second wave of Indo-European wave, about 700 years
later who have created a new technology which neutralized the effectiveness of the chariot
which is the creation of the infantry who are armed with broad swords, javelins made of a
new metal called iron
o They also have bucklers which can be used to deflect any arrows that are shot, all the
infantry man make a shield around the mass of people.
Collapse of bronze age is the beginning of Iron age.
o Iron destroys the bronze age
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Description
Greek World Periods Mycenaean – with these people the Greek language arises, and this is now called Greece  Speak greek  write and read greek  linear B language  remain in predominance until year 1200-1100 BC Hero  comes from an old greek word, weros, man (hero literally means man)  Associated with two worlds o earthy o or divine world  human frailty along with divine perfection  constantly engaged in action  Wanax o Leadership is inborn – part of who he is and what his role is. Ability to install confidence in people  Male dominated culture Society its self is divided into two sections  Men dominate – patriarchal society o Equated with action o World of men is in constant flux , not predictable  Women dominate the household and the family; men excluded in that world. Women also in charge of the money, economics o Equated with emotion/faith/economy – provided stability to family and house o Life is predictable – no chaos  In the Greek world the women and men do not do each other’s role.  Hero is talking about the male realm The Collapse of the Bronze Age 1200-1100BC  During the bronze age there were many cities developed (all use metal bronze)  Also known of “the Catastrophe” – up to 43 cities systematically destroyed (burned to the ground) o Includes Egypt power and grandure  Robert Drews  outlines a convincing argument of understanding what the catastrophe was o Taken this concept and tried to understand it because these cities are large and powerful and have wealth o Suggest that we are looking at a second wave of Indo-European wave, about 700 years later who have created a new technology which neutralized the effectiveness of the chariot which is the creation of the infantry who are armed with broad swords, javelins made of a new metal called iron o They also have bucklers which can be used to deflect any arrows that are shot, all the infantry man make a shield around the
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