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Lecture 7

lecture 7 Media and Copyright.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Communication Studies
Hayward T

Media and Copyright Cs 101 Nov 9 Intellectual property and copyright Previously we have discussed the for-profit nature of media industries. Many of them survive because they are able to position themselves as the exclusive providers of a product poor service At the centre of their ability to maintain exclusively, are the rights granted due to the ownership of culture as “intellectual property” (IP) According to the world intellectual property organization, IP is defined as “creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images and designs used in commerce” Intellectual property can be owned. One of the most visible ways of talking about the rights granted through ownership of intellectual property is copyright. Copyright typically grants: -exclusive right to make copies (literally, the copy rights) -the commercial rights associated with that property (right to profit from its sale, licensing, etc.) -fixes the terms of exclusivity (territory, duration, limits the ways in which texts can be used) History of Copyright Key dates in the history of copyright include: -The Statute of Anne (1710)- first legislation in UK about copyright. Establishes copyright as exclusive for period of 14 years.rights must be claimed -Donaldson vs. Beckett (1774) – enforces that copyright is held for limited duration -Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (1886) – first international convention on copyright law. Followed by revised versions in 1896, 1908, 1928, 1948, 1967, 1971 (don’t need to know these dates) Intellectual property and copyright The goal of copyright is to: -Encourage indivudals to be creative and innovative by providing monetary compensation -To do so in a way that doesn’t interfere with longterm development of cultures and societies However, since an important part of culture is the circulation of meaning. Copyright laws allow for a certain level of citation and quotation: -rights to “fair dealing” in copyright law (known as ‘fair use’ in the US context) grants users rights to
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