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CS 101 Week Five Lecture Notes

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Communication Studies
Jeremy Hunsinger

Journalism Who are journalists? - Journalism isn’t as big in Canada as we might expect - Canadian newspapers are fairly recent by historical perspectives (1760) - India has 35 000 newspapers, we might get 2000 – 3000 in Canada - We have three different periods of Canadian newspaper journalism: 1) Government news = Transplant Period (1750-1800) 2) Nation Building = Partisan Period – based on political parties and affiliations – Kitchener used to have a German language newspaper and actually still has one today (1800-1860) * The interest of the community generated the topics and interests of the newspapers. Ex. Farmer’s Friend Newspaper related to farmers 3) The Contemporary Period (Post 1860) – beginning consolidation where small newspapers joined together Where does the content come from? What did journalists cover? - News is the content of the newspaper that is promoted as news - What they are feeding us as news is not necessarily news worthy - News is a form of story-telling, people aren’t able to generate two sides of a story so they make an anecdote * The seven elements of news worthiness: Mencher 1. Timeliness – newspapers don’t like to print old news, they want something immediate, recent. 2. Impact – the event being reported affects lots of people 3. Prominence – famous people being reported on because they are famous; if something is more prominent it is more news-worthy 4. Proximity – how close physically it is but also how emotionally close it is; how culturally close (The amount of coverage of France in Ontario is very small as opposed to Quebec coverage of France) 5. Conflict – two sides of every story; we look for things that have at least two polarized sides so people can pick and affiliate to one or the other 6. Peculiarity – Deviance from the expected – when news reports a strange two-headed dog because it’s different and weird 7. Currency – things that are objects of attention tend to stay objects of attention; when they fade they fade. Concept of news value News value depends on topical communities – some people will spend all day reading a newspaper about gadgets because they are passionate about it (politics, automobiles, famous people, etc) No community = no coverage Deciding what is news is a subjective operation – there is a flow of news generation that starts with people who provide it to news providers, public relations people, who then have contacts in news production facilities that then choose which stories get in – this is changing with blogs and things like that Boundaries are constructed to preserve the knowledge and values in the news generation system - News Bureaus (Associated Press) redistribute news Gate keeping: Choose what goes in the paper and where; choosing what staff; choosing what you hear about Gate watchers: critical of things chosen and presented to us; looking for media types that suit our needs; Spectrum of Newspapers: 1. Newspaper of Record: News articles are supposed to be most valid and true (Ex. New York Times) 2. Tabloid Journalism: May
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