Communications October 8, 2013
- Journalism is huge
- Not very huge in Canada
- Historical: CDN newspapers are recent (1760) - we are lucky to have
- Ex. India 35,000 newspapers
- 3 Periods of Journalism
1. Gov’t News (Transplant Period) 1750-1800
- News from UK (Royal News)
2. Nation Building (Partisan Period)
- Local Gov’t issues discussed
- People in CDN launching newspapers, for CDN based on political party/
- Ex. Waterloo - Farmer’s Print (1800-1860s)
- Newspapers were more oriented towards farming for example (for
3. Contemporary Era
- General newspaper for their own area
- Convergence and Conglomeration
- News is the content of journalism
- People end up with narrative stories in news, seems to be the current style.
- No two sides to the story.
How do we think about how they define what gets in the newspapers?
- Newspapers don’t like old news
- recent, the more recent the better.
- How much the event affects people.
- If something is more prominent it is considered more newsworthy.
- How close is the event physically, emotionally, and culturally.
▯ Communications October 8, 2013
- Where you have at least two sides of every story
- Where we can have people commit to one side or the other.
- If it is odd enough to catch your attention
- Ex. two headed dog.
- Objects of attention, stay objects of attention
- Gives us a concept of news value
- not solely generate by these
- Generated by local culture is interested in as well.
- Topical relationships within news, specialty sections (autos, etc.)
Deciding what is news is subjective
- There is a flow of news generation that starts with:
- reporters or stringers
- provide to news providers, public relations, who have contacts within news
- Then choose which of these stories will get published.
- NewsAgencies redistributes news, therefore they authenticate it as real news
- Gate keeping choose where they go.
- Choosing who gets paid to generate news
- Assignment editors: getting story you aren’t interested in, will it be good or bad?
- How is it effected that they will effect the journalistic practice.
- Wire editors: very powerful, generally that is the news that gets pulled into the papers
- Gate watchers: Looking for media types that fit your need, how the information is presented to
- Newspapers Of Record: where reports are most valid and true (Ex. NYT, TORSTAR)
- Tabloids are most common.
- Access to news is filtered
- Some reality is influence