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Communication Studies
Carolyn Ensley

Communications October 8, 2013 Journalism ▯ - Journalism is huge - Not very huge in Canada - Historical: CDN newspapers are recent (1760) - we are lucky to have 2,000-3,000 - Ex. India 35,000 newspapers - 3 Periods of Journalism 1. Gov’t News (Transplant Period) 1750-1800 - News from UK (Royal News) 2. Nation Building (Partisan Period) - Local Gov’t issues discussed - People in CDN launching newspapers, for CDN based on political party/ affiliation/interest. - Ex. Waterloo - Farmer’s Print (1800-1860s) - Newspapers were more oriented towards farming for example (for Farmer’s Print 3. Contemporary Era - General newspaper for their own area - Convergence and Conglomeration ▯ - News is the content of journalism - People end up with narrative stories in news, seems to be the current style. - No two sides to the story. How do we think about how they define what gets in the newspapers? ▯ ▯ 7 Elements 1. Timeliness - Newspapers don’t like old news - immediate - recent, the more recent the better. ▯ 2. Impact - How much the event affects people. ▯ 3. Prominence - If something is more prominent it is considered more newsworthy. ▯ 4. Proximity - How close is the event physically, emotionally, and culturally. ▯ ▯ Communications October 8, 2013 - Where you have at least two sides of every story - Where we can have people commit to one side or the other. ▯ 6. Peculiarity - If it is odd enough to catch your attention - Ex. two headed dog. ▯ 7. Currency - Objects of attention, stay objects of attention ▯ - Gives us a concept of news value - not solely generate by these - Generated by local culture is interested in as well. - Topical relationships within news, specialty sections (autos, etc.) ▯ Deciding what is news is subjective - There is a flow of news generation that starts with: - reporters or stringers - provide to news providers, public relations, who have contacts within news production facilities, - Then choose which of these stories will get published. - NewsAgencies redistributes news, therefore they authenticate it as real news - Gate keeping choose where they go. - Choosing who gets paid to generate news - Assignment editors: getting story you aren’t interested in, will it be good or bad? - How is it effected that they will effect the journalistic practice. - Wire editors: very powerful, generally that is the news that gets pulled into the papers - Gate watchers: Looking for media types that fit your need, how the information is presented to them. - Newspapers Of Record: where reports are most valid and true (Ex. NYT, TORSTAR) - Tabloids are most common. - Access to news is filtered - Some reality is influence
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