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Communication Studies
Natalie Coulter

CS101 Lecture 1 Week 2 a) Intro to Communication Studies b) The Structures and Institutions of Mass Media What is communication studies? -A broad discipline -Incorporates both social sciences’ (ex. Politics, economics) and humanities’ (ex. History, philosophy) perspectives. One of these is fact-based, and one isn’t. -Considers the role of communication in the ongoing production of social relations. Social relations are in categories. Ex. Teacher, T.A, students. -Interpersonal and personal communications What is Communication? 1. Part of all social behaviours 2. Essential to any society (verbal, written) 3. Connects people at specific points in time and space (skype across the world) 4. Encompasses both transmission and transformation of meanings, values, and information (Information always changes) View 1: It is a Process Figure 1: Linear Model Sender(s) message Medium message Receiver(s) who  says what  channel  to who  effect Ex. CNN is sending a message through television to us. They have more power than us. -Channel-movies or film, how the message is sent. -Linear model -Communication is the transmission of messages -Misunderstanding occurs when there is a failure in the process -One way process View 2: It is Culture -Many theorists do not like the linear model: It is too simplistic Lacks human agency It ignores power Overlooks cultural and social differences -Communications is the production (reproduction) and exchange of meanings (sharing) -These meanings could be: a) Identities –who we are. Ex. class and ethnic identity, etc. How we think about ourselves. b) Ideologies – How do we see and understand the world. Beliefs. Ex. If you are Buddhist you see the world in a particular way. c) Social norms and traditions. What is socially acceptable in your society? -The broken telephone game can be used as an analysis for communications -The production, exchange and circulation of these meanings is tied to social power (social relations) -There is power in: 1. The production of knowledge (encoding) CS101 Lecture 1 Week 2 2. The circulation of knowledge. How do you circulate your knowledge? Do you have access to a TV channel? 3. The receiving of knowledge (decoding) -All of these are related to social power What is the Role of Communications? 1. Inform – to inform people 2. Persuade – to persuade people. Ex. Politicians. 3. Entertain –
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