CS101 Lecture #2 Week 3
News Values and the Value of News
[Essay topics available on MyLS]
Review from Last Class
1. There is not one solid cohesive definition for communications
a) It is a process
It is a system of meaning making (culture)
2. Communications is linked to power
3. Communications affects all dimensions of society
4. Mass media in Canada is not necessarily the same as the U.S. or elsewhere
What are some of the distinctions of the Canadian media?
a) Public media (CBC)
b) Many cultural outlets
c) Government control and regulation (CRTC)
d) Media funded to promote national identity and economy
-Who owns the mass media?
Examples: The Big 6
-Audience as consumers
-Goal: Deliver audience to advertisers
2. Public Ownership
Examples: CBC, ABC (Australian Broadcast Corporation), BBC, PBS (sort of)
-Owned by the government
-Audiences as citizens
-Goal: Access to the media
3. Private Ownership
Lack of Diversity
2. Convergence – Notion that there isn’t separated technologies. No different between what is your
telephone and what is your television and what is your radio. CS101 Lecture #2 Week 3
3. Demassification (sort of)
4. Lack of Diversity (Media Monopoly) – More companies at the top of the chain, and therefore not a lot of
companies to get service from.
The News: Connection of Democracy
-Journalists give up their lives for stories they believe in
-2/3 knew that their life was at risk
-What stories would you put your life in jeopardy for?
-What would have to happen for you to risk your life?
Ideal of Press as Democratic
-The Transplant Period (1752-1807) – Moment in time where most of the newspapers in Canada came from
elsewhere. Reprints of news that happened elsewhere. Very little Canadian news. Existed on advertising
and government support.
-The Growth Period (1807-1858)
-The Third Canadian Press Period (1858-1900) – Appeared at Western growth with over 12 000 newspapers.
Canada began to move West with the trans Canada highway. Major changes in transportations. Big
Canadian heroes are journalists.
-The Fourth Canadian Press Period (20 ) – Objectivity. Consistent daily news. Notion of objectivity.
Journalists jobs was to be unbiased and objective and provide citizenship of Canada with information and
news so that Canadians could operate as citizens. Funded by advertising.
Media is Central to Democracy
-Media – central to cultural, economic, social, and political reality.
-Media is central to Canadia