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CS206 (19)


6 Pages

Communication Studies
Course Code
Herbert Pimlott

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CS206D  Week 1  09 January 2014 Outline 1) Introduction  ­ Office hours changed: 3­5 pm Thursdays (not 11am­1pm)  2) Three axes of CS:  ­ language, media, culture  3) Public Communication  What is ‘Communication’? ­ impossible to not communicate  ­ two basic definitions  o (a) ‘to transmit’  o (b) ‘to share’   ­ one key element: Language  o social – unlike ‘social animals’ we have language  o core of how we communicate  o enables ‘abstract thoughts’ or ‘ideas’  o enables social institutions:   e.g. money; marriage; government; society  o language influenced by social institutions and power  What is a ‘public’?  ­ Ancient Greek & Roman origins ­ L. poplicus ‘of the people’ but  shifts…  L. publicus (pubes ­ ‘adult men’)  ­ L. res publica = public things = ‘commonwealth’ in English  ­ lC15 English: ‘public good’ & ‘public administration’  ­ popular rule = ‘public deliberation’  ­ lC18 – notion of right to assemble in public (vs nobles or ‘men of  property’)   ­ public assembly = physical expression of belief, expression, opinion  E.g. Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms ‘2. Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms: (a) freedom of conscience and religion; (b) freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including  freedom of the press and other media of communication; (c) freedom of peaceful assembly; and (d) freedom of association.’  4) Origins of ‘Free Speech’  - monasteries ­ too many clerics  - wandering scholars  - fools ­ ‘artifical’ & ‘natural’  - church & feudal authorities  - Non­Conformist religions (e.g. Quakers, Methodists)  o heckling  o outdoor sermons  - regulations  - heresy­CiTWs  Peter Ackroyd on ‘Newgate to Tyburn’ (10 mins)  - ‘last dying speech’  o Tyburn Tree   Ty Bourne (brook)   8 days a year public hangings: ‘most attractive and  notorious’   crowds allowed to discuss the condemned/sentence  ­ Speakers Corner in Hyde Park very close to site of Tyburn Tree o Working people advocated for right to free speech ­ Ordinary of Newgate  o recorded confessions  o published ‘broadsides’ or pamphlets  o 18 C: Sheriffs intervene if Hanoverian Successsion, doctrine of  private property, sovereignty of money or approved norms of  sexual conduct’ (Linebaugh in Coleman 1997: 29)  - 19thC: place for ‘disenfranchised and publicly voiceless’  - Chartism – movement of working class men & women  - 1855: crowds return 150,000  - 1866: 50,000 gather  - 1867: 6 May ­ 150,000 gather peacefully  - 1872: Parks Regulation Act  - Freedom to assemble peacefully achieved  5) Democracy  Democracy (Williams 1976/1983) 
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