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Lecture 19

CT250 Lecture 19: 03.23.2017 CT250 Lecture 19

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Contemporary Studies
Clarice Kuhling

03.23.2017 CT250 Lecture 19 March-23-17 10:05 AM Why are people on the move - They are not chasing for benefits, but to flee bombs ○ Bombs as one of the main reasons Discussion questions from last lecture: - Does tightening border security increase or decrease the number of people who "illegally" enter the US? ○ Paradox - idea that if you close the border, you would limit the flow of immigrantsin and out of the country. But in fact, the number of people enter increasing illegally  Ex, Mexicans would cross the border to work and go back to their own country at night to be with their families □ When the border is closed, people worry that they might not be able to cross back and forth. So they stayed because of economicnecessity. It forces people to look for means to survive and livelihood  Certain politicians mobilize these fears and insecurity and vulnerability and direct them at the wrong targets - to poor people/immigrants/allmanners of press communitieswho were just to survive and have a life like the rest of us - What do organizations like Justice for Migrant Workers (J4MW) and No One Is Illegal, do? ○ J4MW  To help immigrant workersto find justice ○ No One Is illegal  To help immigrants to lighten up the issues ○ Education and activist components - help people to get in campaigns The political functions of borders - Borders hierarchically organize various groups of us through differential state categories of belonging: ○ "Citizen" versus "immigrant" versus "permanent resident" versus "migrant" versus "illegal" ○ It divides us to those who belong and those who don’t belong  Ex, we stole indigenous people's territories and artificially divide people up and pit us against one another Poverty & Inequality - Why does Labban distinguish between 'wage theft' and 'wages as theft'? ○ Wage theft - workerscome in early for a shift/free overtime/leaving a shift late/shorten hours (getting paid for 6 hours when work for 8 hours) ○ Wage as theft - wage labour itself - the act of selling your labour power for wages  What you were paid in wages is less than the values of what you produce □ These difference goes to the owners, they are called "profit"/ "capital accumulation"  What the system relies on, it's a systematicset Global inequality has increased - Prior to the beginning of the 1800's,differences in income levels between various parts of the world were small: the "gap in per capita income between Western Europe and India, Africa or China was no more than 30%". - As capitalism really got going with the industrial revolution, the gap between the richest and poorest
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