CT253 Lecture Notes - Standard Operating Procedure, Scapegoating
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Ancients and Moderns
September 26th, 2012
Week 3, Wednesday
Gospel of Mark
sacrificial crisis: when the realization comes that you're scapegoating an
individual to alleviate your own wrongdoings.
Origin of the gospels:
jesus lived- most historians agree.
One way to read the gospels is to gain info at what was going on at the time.
Early christianity was propagated through word of mouth. After decades stories
were finally written down.
Helenistic era: greco-roman era was so pervasive.
Lots of biographies of important figures. Military and political leaders.
Oral --> Written
Key forces that encouraged writing, collecting and authorizing of gospels in the
early christian community.
In 67-70 C.E jews in palestine lost a war with rome, with their final defeat in 135
The christian movement migrates out of jewish homelands into the surrounding
gentile dominated culture
The teachings of jesus include the idea that the coming of the kingdom of god was
expected in the lifetimes of his disciples.
Word of the gospels:
religious syncretism: bringing in different culture (language, customs values etc-
similar to multiculturalism)
there were genocidal practices going on, destryoing of temple, deforested forests
to build crosses to crucify people on.
A key question that living in this era of the Roman Shoah provoked within the
Jewish world had to do with the nature of God, in particular, his interaction with
the people of Israel.
A central element of the traditional God of ancient Israel was that he was a
national God, one quite willing and able to raise his hand against the enemies of
Israel, in order to fulfill the covenant he had established with Abraham and his
descendants. The Lord quite readily killed the armies of the pharaoh in assisting
Moses to free his people from bondage in Egypt.
Israel was conquered first by the Assyrians (740-720 B.C.E.) and later the
Babylonians (597-587B.C.E.) – interpretation?
Jewish were srtuggling with the idea that god leads everyone because they were
struggling with the promised land etc.
After 9/11 many were reciting the same thing. Saying god will bring justice.
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