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Jennifer Lavoie

Psychology of crime September 14 , 2012 Week 1, Friday. Slide 1: Title Slide 2:Anti social behaviour vs. Crim. Behaviour What is crim behaviour?Apolitical construct. Behaviours are not inherently evil or criminal, we have a body of politicians that make the acts criminal/bad by placing them in the criminal code. May not offend all members of society. Pot smoking, victimless crimes (eg. Graffiti) May include behaviour that is adaptive or rational. Eg. Looting after disasters. Some criminal behaviour is adaptive. Eg. Selling drugs can be a way to make money, in a bad situation. Slide 3: Looting after hurricane katrina, earthquake in Chile. Necessity defence. Needed to break the law to survive. Slide 4: Some people take it too far, looting jerseys and nike shoes after katrina. Slide 5:Intentional behaviour, taht violates a criminal code. Did not occur accidentally, or without justification or excuse (e.g necessity or duress). It is legally defined. Slide 6: 18% of crime in canada is violent. 2010- 2.2 Million offences were reported in provinces and territories in Canada. Crime is usually property crime. Slide 7:Antisocial Behaviour. Means against society. (what does antisocial behaviour) against many types of people, concepts. Starts out when younger usually, and sticks around the rest of their life. Habitual, tends to escalate. Engages in serious behaviour when older.Always harmful to the victims. asocial behaviour- not wanting to be around other people. Refers to (often habitual and serious) behaviour that is harmful to victims, the perpetrator and society. Maladaptive to perpetrator (lose out every time they engage in this behaviour), costly, detrimental to perpetrator violates personal rights of victim, social standards may not violate criminal laws (e.g bullying, gossip) Deviant Some types of antisocial behaviour does not hurt, women talking malicious gossip. Men tend to be more physical. Slide 8:Anatomy of a theory: what are theories of crime? Slide 9: What is a theory? Aset of concepts that are inter related concepts, assertions, and conclusions that present a systematic view of phenomena by specifying relations among variables with the aim of explaining/predicting phenomena Exp: theory of basic self preservation- may explain why people behave violently when they experience threatening delusions. Slide 10: Mental Illness --> Threat Delusion --> Fear --> Violence What are the concepts? Basic building blocks of theories.Abstract elements representing classes of phenomena within the field of study. Slide 11: Postulates: Fundamental assertions that you make, they're taken to be true when using this particular theory. Concepts in the theory are related in some way, They way that they're related are through postulates. Eg. -Mentally Ill people are more likely to be violent compared to healthy general public. -Aperson who perceives a threat to their personal integrity will act in self defence -violence is a way of neutralizing a perceived threat -Threat delusions cause a person to believe they are being persecuted -Men are more likely to aggress than women. The best theories are the ones who apply to EVERYONE. Mentally ill, healthy minded etc. Slide 12: What are propositions? Specific conclusions about the relationships w=among concepts that are derived from the propositions. E.g individuals who experience threat delusions are more likely to behave violently than those who do not experience such delusions. Thus, theories built on logic. Terms must be precise and clear. Slide 13: “Just World Hypothesis” a theory that can be used to explain good and bad fortune. If you answered true to 4 or more of the statements on the last slide, you believe in a just world. Slide 14: true false quiz. Slide 15: Just world- karma. Believe that things happen to people for reasons closely related to one's own actions. People bri
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