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sept19, week2, weds.odt

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Jennifer Lavoie

Psychology of Crime September 19, 2012 Week 2, Wednesday Origins of criminal/anti social behaviour: early risk factors Risk factors: “Individual attributes and experiences that increase the probability that an idividual will engage in persistent criminal behaviour. Static Risk factors: Does not change, E.G history of violent crime, history of trauma Dynamic Risk factor: changeable Eg. substance abuse, unemployment. Types of Developemental Risk Factors 1) Social Risk eg poverty, peers, school 2) Parental/Familial Risk Factors e.g faulty parenting, child abuse 3) Psychological factors e.g inadequate temperament, poor self regulation Not all crime has it's origins in childhood. If they go into adulthood there are other reasons that may spur them to commit crime. Even if they have all the early risk factors in childhood they won't absolutely commit crime. Social: Poverty: Refers to not having enoug resources to maintain an average standard of living within a geographic region. Poverty linked to: -persistent violent offending. -Non violent offending (not as strong as persistent violent offending) -delinquency (criminal and anti social behaviour in adolescent and teen years) -victimization Why is poverty related to violent crime? (picture on slide show) Poverty in a nebulus risk factor, it's fuzzy. Can't pinpoint what it is about poverty that makes people engage in crime. Peer rejection and anti social peers: Linked to later anti social behaviour. Child rejected by peers, tendency for that person to go on and become violent. In early school, peer acceptance is a crucial developmental task. Psychological, social and emotional development Children prone to peer rejection. More aggressive, disruptive, impulsive, have poor social skills to make friends. Interact with, and gravitate to anti-social peers. Deviant group membership amplifies anti-social patterns. School Failure: Early school failure linked to anti-social development and delinquency. “Staying back” label Social rejection Poor reading achievment appears to play a prominent role in school failure & later deviance. More idle time- not interested in school, more time on their hands to get into trouble. Less acceptance by peers. Poor attachment to school. Decreased job prospects. Family Risk Factors: Parenting practices and styles: Parenting practices: Range of parental behaviours occuring in the family context including discipline, monitoring and supervision, interaction strategies. Eg. allowance, reading together, classroom voucher. Parenting Styles: Parent child interaction characterized by parental attitudes toward the child. E.g emotional climate, gestures, tone of
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