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Wilfrid Laurier University
Jennifer Lavoie

Psychology November 23, 2012 Week 11, Friday Sex Offenders Impact of attachment styles: Internal modes of relationships, set of enduring characteristics for making sense of life experiences and interactions with others. 1) Memories of attachment-related experiences 2) Beliefs, expectations, attitudes about relationships 3) Plans and strategies for relationships Thoughts of Self: Positive Positive: secure: Comfortable with intimacy and autonomy, value others Positive Negative: Pre-occupied- possessive of realtionships, seeks approval, security, sexualize children Thoughts of others: Negative Positive: Dismissive- dismissing of intimacy, strongly independent, sceptical of close relationships, hostile Negative Negative: Fearful- fearful of intimacy, rejection, socially avoidant, impersonal Anatomy of abnormal sexual behaviour; Elements of sexual behaviour: 1) FANTASY- to be sexual, one must have a sexual fantasy- abnormal fantasies- dehumanization, torture, and/or murder of hapless and helpless victims 2) SYMBOLISM- fetishes, Partialisms- abnormal: an individual is sexual only when a certain fetish (sexual feelings attached to an inanimate object- earrings, socks etc) or partialism (sexual feelings attach to isolated body part-sexual urges towards touching of elbows, toes, etc things that are not usually attached to sexual touching) is present 3) RITUALISM- abnormal aspects of ritualism- certain scripts must be followed, and any deviation from them is fatal to sexual functioning 4) COMPULSION- sexual behaviour is a drive or need for people- abnormal aspects of compulsion: compulsivity is so overwhelming that emotions and caring for the partner are missing. Elements of sexual behaviour: Frottage: deriving sexual satisfaction by rubbing one’s genitals or hand, even when fully clothed, against certain body parts of another person, usually a stranger Fantasy: Often fantasize about victims wishing to have caring, affectionate relationships with the frotteur Symbolism: Usually have an ieal victim type (sexually attractive, tight fitting clothes) Ritualism: Process involves the victim selection, the touching itself, an escape plan, and masturbation Compulsion: Experience strong irresistible urges to touch others Are sex offenders different from nonsexual offenders? Commonly held view- “Sex offenders are specialists” Implications of this position- -Treatment only focused on factors relevant to sexual behaviour -E.g inadequate intimate relationships, deviant sexual arousal. Empirical Reality: -meta analysis- Hanson & Morton-Bourgon (2005) -Nonsexual violent recidivism rate for sex offenders: 14.3% over 5 years Sexual recidivism rate for sex offenders: 13.7% over 5 years Conclusion: Sex offenders commit many NONSEXUAL crimes- importance of nonsexual criminogenic factors- e.g anti- social associates TYPOLOGIES OF MEN WHO RAPE: Empirically based typology based on: behavioural patterns and personality characteristics At the crime scene: aggressive patterns, sexual patterns. MTC:R3 -Revised classification scheme of adult rapists: Nin subtypes based on 4 primary motivations Opportunity, Pervasive Anger,Sexual Gratification, Vindictiveness Opportunistic: High social competence (1) Low Social Competence (2) Pervasively anger (3) Sexual Sadistic Overt (4) Sexual sadistic Muted (5) Non sadistic low social competence (6) “ “ high competence (7) Vindictive Low social competence
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