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ES293 Week 11.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Environmental Studies
Rob Milne

Social-Ecological Systems Week 11, Lecture 1 Political Ecology- Governance  Components and Characteristics  Sarda Sarovar Dam- Drowned Out  Influence Diagrams  Deforestation  I=PAT  Chapter 7, sections 7.1 to 7.3 Political Ecology- scale I.E. Multi-level approach to protected areas Economic benefits graded across scales  Limited at local scale  Increase at regional/national  Substantive at transnational and global community  Opposite trend for economic costs TABLE 7.1 Comparing protected area benefits and costs at three spatial scales Stakeholders  Involves all stakeholders involved in conflicts  Those conflicts involved include: o Interests are challenged o Suffer political consequence o Vulnerable to both conservation & economics Historical Approach  Understanding history of each stakeholder, or actor provides useful analyses of view of resources, it is important to understand variability in individual stakeholder response to environmental challenges Socioeconomic Factors  Class, gender, race  Ecofeminism o Property rights o Martial security o Gender identity o Discounting- potato farm- oak forest  Males saw the value of short term potato farming, when female wives of farmers saw more value could be made by relaying on oak forest because of long term availability  Have to look at relationships in society if it is matriarchal or patriarchal who has the final saw in decision Social Construction  Social Construction of natural resources  Social actors at all level- village I=PAT Impact= Population x Affluence x Technology (Paul Erlich’s formula of environnemental impact) Return of the question- Is population and poverty the main causes of environmental issues? Not solely based on overpopulation; affluence and technology. Not as applicable to environment deterioration. Are the largest populations- sites of environmental degradation? Is poverty a polluter? System Values  Need good air quality, water quality, soil, and all natural capital variables for survival  Social-economical side: money
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