Chapter 9 Summary: Islands
The fact that islands are individual landmasses gives rise to special insular
considerations that affect the development of ecotourism.
o These include the presence of endemic species and distinctive ecosystems,
isolation and the strong sense of place it fosters, proximity to coastal
ecosystems and associated opportunities for marine ecotourism, and the
prevalence of 3S tourism in tropical or subtropical settings
Endemism and Ecosystem Distinctiveness
Species of flora and fauna are endemic to a specified area if they are found nowhere
else in their natural setting. Endemism results from the genetic drift that occurs when
an area is isolated for a long period of time from other areas of genetic input.
o AKA ISOLATED = UNIQUE/ENDEMIC
This also means that greater care must be taken to avoid inappropriate modes of
Sense of Place
The geographical and ecological distinctiveness of islands contribute to a strong sense
of place, as does a comparable process of cultural drift that has frequently given rise
to unique and attractive human cultures and landscapes.
o Sense of place contributes to the romanticisation of islands as fascinating and
alluring destinations that offer exotic and escapist experiences
Ecotourism is advocated by many academics and governments as an activity that
sustainably promotes an understanding of an islands sense o