ES102 Lecture Notes - Dust Bowl, Refugee Camp, Economic Capital

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7 Feb 2013
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ES Week 10 Lecture 1 11/12/2012 9:31:00 AM
Global Climate Change
Dust bowl Migration
Movement of people from dust bowl to California
Originated in cotton and corn producing areas
Sequoyah county
Most worked in agriculture
Most farmers were tenants
Cotton was the main crop
Cotton failiers in 1934-1936
Headed to California
San Joaquin valley
Irrigated high desert
Cotton, and fruit crop
Oil production
High demand fro agri-labor
They closed borders to Mexican farmers at beginning of depression
Child labor was common in the cotton fields
Refugee camp in California
Starving to death
How leaves and how stays:
Economic Capital
o Don’t own land
o Had cars
o Small amount of money
Social networks
o Intact families went
o Pre-existing connation’s to CA
o Information
o Settlement assistance
o Insulate from hostility
Disliked by Californians
Human capital
o Young and healthy
o Skilled cotton workers
o Sklled with draft animals
Non migrants
Social networks
o Local social networks
o Community contacts
o Church
o Share farm and resources
o Barter (money was not available, use items instead)
Human Capital
o Little wage employment
o Live of land: eat rabbit, catfish
o Skills of farm women increase in value
Economic capital
o And ownership
o Control over residency
o Were able to access government farm support programs
o
Left:
o Younge healthy and educated
o Middle class, working class and poor
Stayed:
o Land owners
o Weathier
Canada migrations
Drought happened here also
Economic differences:
Migrants:
o Limited money
o Often owed money
o Larger families
o Unmarried or widowed
o Limited experience in drought before hand
o Weak socal networks
o Poor soil quality
o Ground water poor in quality
Non-Migration
o More money
o Limited debt
o Smaller families
Opposite of migranst
Lessons
Envieonmental change does not automatically lead to wide-scale
migration/regugee-life flight
Some migrate, some don’t
Migration depends on income, social ties,a dn other factors
This means that with support for these systems can reduce the
amount of refugees