Class Notes (922,234)
CA (542,775)
WLU (19,619)
ES (271)
ES295 (9)
Rob Milne (1)
Lecture

Module Three - Mountain Biome.doc

5 Pages
207 Views

Department
Environmental Studies
Course Code
ES295
Professor
Rob Milne

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Module Three: Mountain Biomes
Tourism Impacts
Natural Resources
oWater Resources
Water, and especially fresh water, is one of the most critical
natural resources. The tourism industry generally overuses water
resources for hotels, swimming pools, golf courses and personal
use of water by tourists.
oLocal Resources
Tourism can create great pressure on local resources like energy,
food, and other raw materials that may already be in short supply.
oLand Degradation
Important land resources include minerals, fossil fuels, fertile soil,
forests, wetland and wildlife. Increased construction of tourism
and recreational facilities has increased the pressure on these
resources and on scenic landscapes.
Pollution
oTransport by air, road, and rail is continuously increasing in response to
the rising number of tourists and their greater mobility.
oIn areas with high concentrations of tourist activities and appealing natural
attractions, waste disposal is a serious problem and improper disposal can
be a major despoiler of the natural environment - rivers, scenic areas, and
roadsides.
oConstruction of hotels, recreation and other facilities often leads to
increased sewage pollution. Wastewater has polluted seas and lakes
surrounding tourist attractions, damaging the flora and fauna.
Physical Impacts
oThe development of tourism facilities such as accommodation, water
supplies, restaurants and recreation facilities can involve sand mining,
beach and sand dune erosion, soil erosion and extensive paving. In
addition, road and airport construction can lead to land degradation and
loss of wildlife habitats and deterioration of scenery.
oConstruction of ski resort accommodation and facilities frequently
requires clearing forested land. Coastal wetlands are often drained and
filled due to lack of more suitable sites for construction of tourism
facilities and infrastructure.
oDevelopment of marinas and breakwaters can cause changes in currents
and coastlines. Furthermore, extraction of building materials such as sand
affects coral reefs, mangroves, and hinterland forests, leading to erosion
and destruction of habitats.
Long Term Impacts of Tourism
Biological Diversity
Biological diversity is the term given to the variety of life on Earth
and the natural patterns it forms
It threatens our food supplies, opportunities for recreation and
tourism, and sources of wood, medicines and energy.
It interferes with essential ecological functions such as species
balance, soil formation, and greenhouse gas absorption.
It reduces the productivity of ecosystems, thereby shrinking
nature's basket of goods and services, from which we constantly
draw.
Ozone Layer
The ozone layer, which is situated in the upper atmosphere (or
stratosphere) at an altitude of 12-50 kilometers, protects life on
earth by absorbing the harmful wavelengths of the sun's ultraviolet
(UV) radiation, which in high doses is dangerous to humans and
animals.
Climate Change
Climate scientists now generally agree that the Earth's surface
temperatures have risen steadily in recent years because of an
increase in the so-called greenhouse gases in the atmosphere,
which trap heat from the sun. One of the most significant of these
gases is carbon dioxide (CO2), which is generated when fossil
fuels, such as coal, oil and natural gas are burned (e.g. in industry,
electricity generation, and automobiles) and when there are

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Module Three: Mountain Biomes Tourism Impacts  Natural Resources o Water Resources  Water, and especially fresh water, is one of the most critical natural resources. The tourism industry generally overuses water resources for hotels, swimming pools, golf courses and personal use of water by tourists. o Local Resources  Tourism can create great pressure on local resources like energy, food, and other raw materials that may already be in short supply. o Land Degradation  Important land resources include minerals, fossil fuels, fertile soil, forests, wetland and wildlife. Increased construction of tourism and recreational facilities has increased the pressure on these resources and on scenic landscapes.  Pollution o Transport by air, road, and rail is continuously increasing in response to the rising number of tourists and their greater mobility. o In areas with high concentrations of tourist activities and appealing natural attractions, waste disposal is a serious problem and improper disposal can be a major despoiler of the natural environment - rivers, scenic areas, and roadsides. o Construction of hotels, recreation and other facilities often leads to increased sewage pollution. Wastewater has polluted seas and lakes surrounding tourist attractions, damaging the flora and fauna.  Physical Impacts o The development of tourism facilities such as accommodation, water supplies, restaurants and recreation facilities can involve sand mining, beach and sand dune erosion, soil erosion and extensive paving. In addition, road and airport construction can lead to land degradation and loss of wildlife habitats and deterioration of scenery. o Construction of ski resort accommodation and facilities frequently requires clearing forested land. Coastal wetlands are often drained and filled due to lack of more suitable sites for construction of tourism facilities and infrastructure. o Development of marinas and breakwaters can cause changes in currents and coastlines. Furthermore, extraction of building materials such as sand affects coral reefs, mangroves, and hinterland forests, leading to erosion and destruction of habitats. Long Term Impacts of Tourism  Biological Diversity • Biological diversity is the term given to the variety of life on Earth and the natural patterns it forms • It threatens our food supplies, opportunities for recreation and tourism, and sources of wood, medicines and energy. • It interferes with essential ecological functions such as species balance, soil formation, and greenhouse gas absorption. • It reduces the productivity of ecosystems, thereby shrinking nature's basket of goods and services, from which we constantly draw.  Ozone Layer • The ozone layer, which is situated in the upper atmosphere (or stratosphere) at an altitude of 12-50 kilometers, protects life on earth by absorbing the harmful wavelengths of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation, which in high doses is dangerous to humans and animals.  Climate Change • Climate scientists now generally agree that the Earth's surface temperatures have risen steadily in recent years because of an increase in the so-called greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which trap heat from the sun. One of the most significant of these gases is carbon dioxide (CO2), which is generated when fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and natural gas are burned (e.g. in industry, electricity generation, and automobiles) and when there are chan
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit